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HS8.1.3

Parameter Estimation, Inverse Modelling and Data Assimilation in Subsurface Hydrology
Convener: O. Ippisch  | Co-Conveners: H.-J. Hendricks Franssen , J. Vrugt , Th. Wöhling 
Oral Programme
 / Wed, 25 Apr, 13:30–15:00 / Room 38
Poster Programme
 / Attendance Wed, 25 Apr, 17:30–19:00 / Hall A
Poster Summaries & DiscussionsPSD16.14 / Wed, 25 Apr, 16:30–17:15 / Room 35 
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Predictions of flow and transport in soils, aquifers and across compartments (e.g., stream-aquifer interactions) are strongly affected by errors in model structure, parameters, and forcing data. The determination of optimal parameter sets and the quantification of uncertainty are therefore crucial for reliable predictions.

This session invites contributions that focus on improved measurement and parameter estimation techniques on all scales
(lab/field/catchment), especially studies on:
- new measurement technologies that can aid in the parameterization of subsurface flow and transport models, and/or help diagnose and detect structural deficiencies.
- parameter estimation schemes which provide a synthesis of spatially distributed parameter fields and prior information of the underlying geology.
- optimal experimental design strategies that maximize information retrieval from measurements on subsurface systems and minimize prediction uncertainty.
- the contribution of different observation types (from point scale physics measurements to remote sensing data and “soft information”) to uncertainty reduction.

In the past years much progress has been made towards parameter uncertainty estimation, but much less attention has been paid to representation of model and forcing data errors. We therefore especially encourage submissions on the following topics:
- novel theories and concepts for spatial / temporal analysis of the model - data mismatch. This ranges from pure optimization based methods to sequential data assimilation.
- formal and informal statistical frameworks that diagnose, detect and resolve all sources of modelling errors.
- approaches (e.g. multi-model ensemble systems) that capture conceptual model uncertainty.
- virtual soil systems as a tool to assess the effect of heterogeneity and hydraulic parameter functions on the effective behaviour of soils.