This session it is meant to offer a forum where to present research on the Mediterranean climate considering different time scales and different components. It is important to bridge the research from paleoclimate to future projections in order to achieve a seamless vision of the regional climate evolution. It also is important to keep the interdisciplinary aspects of climate research and favor exchange of information between climatologists and researchers investigating the impacts of climate on society and ecosystems. Finally interaction between the various systems, such as atmosphere, ocean, land and hydrological, chemical and biological components must be considered. Particularly welcome are presentations studying the coupled atmosphere-ocean-land system, bridging past and future and analyzing impacts of climate change.