This session is devoted to the understanding of tropical climate variability and teleconnections. Contributions will examine the impacts, teleconnections and underlying physical mechanisms of tropical climate features such as the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (and El Nino-Modoki), Walker Circulations and Hadley Cells, the Indian Ocean Dipole, Tropical Atlantic Variability, the tropical monsoons, the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, Intra-seasonal variability, the Madden-Julian Oscillation and the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool.
To provide insights into past, present and future changes in tropical climate, this session will focus on research based on historical observations, instrumental records and GCM simulation results. Studies using palaeoclimate proxy records (e.g. for corals, marine cores, ice cores), palaeoclimate modelling and data/model comparisons to assess the response of tropical climate to changing boundary conditions over geological timescales will also be featured.