Conventional volcanological studies are still the most important tools for understanding volcano behaviour. At the same time, major technological advances allowed to increase both the spatial coverage and frequency bandwidth of geochemical and geophysical observations at active volcanoes, including hydrothermal systems. The extensive use of geophysical networks (seismometers, infrasonic arrays, gravity meters), interpretation of deformation data (GPS, InSAR), thermal observation and the measurement of volcanic gas emissions allowed to significantly improve the chance to forecast the onset of volcanic crises or the shift in intense eruptive activity. Accompanying these progresses are new models and processing techniques leading to innovative paradigms for the interpretation and inversion of observational data.
Within this context, this session aims at bringing together a multidisciplinary audience to discuss the integration of volcanological field observations with monitoring data, the most recent innovations in monitoring approaches and to present observations, methods and models that increase our understanding of volcanic processes, including magma – hydrothermal interaction. Special attention will be paid to the problems involved in forecasting both eruptive events and the shift in intense volcanic activity.
We welcome contribution related to:
(1) The integration of different monitoring records with conventional volcanological data (field observations, geochemical and petrological studies, textural analysis, etc) and their significance in terms of eruption forecasting;
(2) New instruments and techniques for the measurement of geophysical and geochemical parameters, from in-situ methods to ground-, air- and space-based remote sensing techniques;
(3) Reports of significant case histories, documenting the relationships between the measured parameters and the evolving volcanic processes;
(4) New modelling frameworks for the interpretation of the observed data, and their significance in terms of eruption forecasting.
The session will provide an opportunity to discuss volcanic activity from a monitoring perspective on a wide range of volcanoes. We therefore encourage submission of papers that are easily understandable to a broad, multi-disciplinary audience.