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Documentation and monitoring of landslides and debris flows for mathematical modelling and design of mitigation measuresPICO Session
Convener: Luca Franzi  | Co-Conveners: Massimo Arattano , Velio Coviello 
 / Wed, 15 Apr, 15:30–17:00  / PICO Spot 3
The ideal sequence that should be pursued in the approach to the difficult problem of the investigation, management and hazard mitigation of mass movements in general is as follows:

1. Systematic collection of field data in order to provide a large base of reliable data; this allows a better knowledge of the existing risky situations, a deeper understanding of the mechanics of the processes, of their global behaviour and their effects;
2. Application of mathematical and physical models, which strongly depend on data and measurements collected and performed in the field for their calibration and design; these may need to be developed specially for the task, in which case they will need to be tested and verified;
3. Set up of hazard mapping techniques and identification of possible hazard scenarios, which need reliable models.
4. Risk understanding and mapping; this implies the implementation of the best reduction/retention/transfer strategies;
5. Monitoring program; a programme of systematic observations on the sites where risk has been mitigated should be planned and carried out to identify any shortcoming and test the efficiency of the interventions.

Each of the above study and investigation fields needs improvements, but ameliorations are strongly interconnected. For instance, improving measurement and documentation procedures should provide knowledge and ideas for new and better models. The application of existing models based on the data collected in the field and the development of sound, reliable new models would allow on one hand to better focus what to observe in the field and, on the other hand, would improve mitigating interventions methodologies, hazard mapping procedures, monitoring systems.

These activities should allow a comprehensive documentation of hazards and risks, helping decision makers to take the most appropriate and feasible countermeasures for risk management, in the frame of the territorial sustainability.
Scientists working in the fields of monitoring, modelling, hazard mapping and design of mitigation measures against mass movements should therefore keep in close contact and have frequent open meetings to share best practice and to achieve a feed-back from practitioners and decision makers.

This session will offer to these scientists a chance to present their recent advancements in any of the above themes, to discuss the requirements that will allow the discipline to advance, and set forth future research requirements.