Surface temperature (ST) is a critical variable for studying the energy and water balances of the Earth surface, and underpinning many aspects of climate research and services. The overarching motivation for this session is the need for better understanding of in-situ measurements and satellite observations to quantify ST. The term "surface temperature" encompasses several distinct temperatures that differently characterize even a single place and time on Earth’s surface, as well as encompassing different domains of Earth’s surface (surface air, sea, land, lakes and ice). Different surface temperatures play inter-connected yet distinct roles in the Earth’s surface system, and are observed with different complementary techniques.
The EarthTemp network was established in 2012 to stimulate new international collaboration in measuring and better understanding ST across all domains of the Earth’s surface including air, land, sea, lakes, ice. New and existing international projects and products have evolved from network collaboration (e.g. ESA Climate Change Initiative SST project, EUSTACE, FIDUCEO, International Surface Temperature Initiative, ESA GlobTemperature, HadISST, CRUTEM and HadCRUT). Knowledge gained during this EarthTemp session will be documented and published as part of the user requirements exercises for such projects and will thus benefit the wider community. A focus of this session is the use of ST's for assessing variability and long-term trends in the Earth system. In addition there will be opportunity for users of surface temperature over any surface of Earth on all space and timescales to showcase their use of the data and their results, to learn from each others' practice and to communicate their needs for improvements to developers of surface temperature products. Suggested contributions can include, but are not limited to, topics like:
* The application of ST in climate science
* How to improve remote sensing of ST in different environments
* Challenges from changes of in-situ observing networks over time
* Current understanding of how different types of ST inter-¬relate
* Nature of errors and uncertainties in ST observations
* Mutual/integrated quality control between satellite and in-situ observing systems.
* What do users of surface temperature data require in practical applications?
Oral and poster sessions focussing on users' applications will be supplemented by splinter sessions that provide an opportunity for developers of state-of-the-art products to discuss with potential users possible new methods and types of information provision (e.g. concerning communication of uncertainties).