EGU2020-1180, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-1180
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Effects of simulated drought and warming on microbial responses to drying and rewetting in contrasting land-uses

Ainara Leizeaga1, Lettice C. Hicks1, Albert C. Brangarí1, Menale Wondie2, Hans Sandén3, and Johannes Rousk1
Ainara Leizeaga et al.
  • 1Lund University, Biology, Lund, Sweden
  • 2Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI) , Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 3University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria

Climate change will increase temperatures and the frequency and intensity of extreme drought and rainfall events. When a drought period is followed by a rainfall event, there is a big CO2 pulse from soil to the atmosphere which is regulated by soil microorganisms. In the present study, we set out to investigate how simulated drought and warming affects the soil microbial responses to drying and rewetting (DRW), and how those responses will interact with the level of land degradation. Previous work has shown that exposure DRW cycles in the laboratory and in the field can induce changes in the microbial community such that it resumes growth rates faster after a DRW cycle. In addition, it has been observed that a history of drought in both a humid heathland ecosystem in Northern Europe and in semi-arid grasslands in Texas can select for microorganisms with a higher carbon use efficiency (CUE) during DRW. In this study we tested if these observations could be extended to subtropical environments.

Rain shelters and open top chambers (OTC) were installed in Northwestern Ethiopia in two contrasting land-uses; a degraded cropland and a pristine forest. Soils were sampled (>1-year field treatments) and exposed to a DRW cycle in the laboratory. Microbial growth and respiration responses were followed with high temporal resolution over 3 weeks. We hypothesized that (i) simulated drought would result in more resilient and efficient microbial communities to DRW, while (ii) simulated warming should leave microbial community traits linked to moisture unchanged. In addition, (iii) we hypothesized that microbial communities would recover growth rates faster in the cropland since that ecosystem is more prone to DRW events.

Microbial responses in both land-uses and treatments universally showed a highly resilient type of community response with both bacterial growth and fungal growth increasing immediately upon rewetting, linked with the expected respiration pulse. The field treatments simulating drought and warming did not affect the already high resilience of soil microbial communities to DRW cycles. However, differences between the rates of recovery between fungi and bacteria were observed. Fungal growth recovered faster than bacterial growth, peaking c. 15 h in comparison to bacteria that peaked at c.20h after rewetting. Simulated drought reduced the microbial CUE during rewetting in croplands without affecting the forest soils. The CUE was also elevated in the warming treatments in both land-uses, and generally higher in croplands than in forest soils. Taken together, the responses in microbial CUE during the rewetting of dry soils were likely linked to either (i) differences in resource availability which were higher in warming treatments and in croplands compared to forests, or (ii) selection of  more efficient microbial communities due to a higher exposure to DRW events driven by the higher temperatures in the cropland, and increased evapotranspiration in the warming treatments.

 

How to cite: Leizeaga, A., Hicks, L. C., Brangarí, A. C., Wondie, M., Sandén, H., and Rousk, J.: Effects of simulated drought and warming on microbial responses to drying and rewetting in contrasting land-uses, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-1180, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-1180, 2019

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Display material version 1 – uploaded on 06 May 2020
  • CC1: Comment on EGU2020-1180, Julia Schroeder, 07 May 2020

    Dear Ainara,

    are you going to analyse for microbial community structure? Have you observed a shift towards fungal or bacterial growth depending on the different treatments?