EGU2020-14482, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Late diagenetic versus near-primary isotopic compositions in Ordovician carbonate rocks and fossils: A Baltoscandian example

Oluwaseun Edward1,2, Christoph Korte2, Clemens Vinzenz Ullmann3, and Christian Mac Ørum Rasmussen4,5
Oluwaseun Edward et al.
  • 1University of Lausanne, Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, Lausanne, Switzerland (
  • 2Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
  • 3Camborne School of Mines, College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9FE, U.K
  • 4Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
  • 5GLOBE Institute, University of Copenhagen

The Ordovician was an important interval in Earth’s history, characterized by major sea level fluctuations, carbon cycle and climatic perturbations, as well as a profound increase in marine biodiversity – the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event (GOBE) (1-4){Sepkoski, 1981 #6}. Recently, direct links between Ordovician climatic evolution and biotic turnover have been proposed, based on geochemical data obtained from the East Baltic (5). However, the potential impact of late diagenetic modification of the geochemical compositions remains to be evaluated. Based on calcitic fossil brachiopods and bulk rock carbonates, this study documents the Early (Floian) to Late Ordovician (Sandbian) carbon (C) and oxygen (O) isotope evolution on the Swedish island of Öland, which was situated in the central part of the Ordovician Palaeobasin on the palaeocontinent of Baltica. The near-primary nature of the carbon and oxygen isotopic trends and its potential palaeoenvironmental significance is evaluated using optical, chemical and statistical methods. The results suggest that diagenetic alteration may have shifted both C and O isotope compositions to higher values, in contrast to classical interpretations. Nevertheless, both long-term and shorter-duration C and O isotope trends of palaeoenvironmental significance are discernible. Carbon isotope compositions suggests that despite the influence of late diagenesis, prominent C isotope perturbations are robust enough to be recorded in both bulk carbonates and calcitic brachiopods. Our Baltic oxygen isotope record reveals a long-term increase in carbonate oxygen isotopic composition during the Ordovician – consistent with the general O isotope Phanerozoic trend (1, 2, 6), which is most pronounced in the Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician). Therefore, the Ordovician brachiopod fossils, although partially altered, preserve a record of Middle Ordovician climate amelioration; supporting recent suggestions of Middle Ordovician climatic cooling (5, 7).




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How to cite: Edward, O., Korte, C., Ullmann, C. V., and Rasmussen, C. M. Ø.: Late diagenetic versus near-primary isotopic compositions in Ordovician carbonate rocks and fossils: A Baltoscandian example, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-14482,, 2020


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