EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

10 years of Polar Stratospheric Clouds lidar measurements at the French antarctic station Dumont d’Urville

Florent Tencé, Julien Jumelet, Alain Sarkissian, Slimane Bekki, and Philippe Keckhut
Florent Tencé et al.
  • CNRS, LATMOS/IPSL, France (

Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSCs) play a primary role in polar stratospheric ozone depletion processes. Aside from recent improvements in both spaceborne PSCs monitoring as well as investigations on PSCs microphysics and modeling, there are still uncertainties associated to solid particle formation and their denitrification potential. In that regard, groundbased instruments deliver detailed and valuable measurements that complement the global spaceborne coverage.

Operated since 1989 at the French antarctic station Dumont d’Urville (DDU) in the frame of the international Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC), the Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar provides over the years a solid dataset to feed both process and classification studies, by monitoring cloud and aerosol occurrences in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Located on antarctic shore (66°S - 140°E), the station has a privileged access to polar vortex dynamics. Measurements are weather-dependent with a yearly average of 130 nights of monitoring. Expected PSC formation temperatures are used to evaluate the whole PSC season occurrences.

We hereby present a consolidated dataset from 10 years of lidar measurements using the 532nm backscatter ratio, the aerosol depolarisation and local atmospheric conditions to help in building an aerosol/cloud classification. Using the different PSC classes and associated optical properties thresholds established in the recent PSC CALIOP classification, we build a picture of the 2007-2019 events, from march to october.

Overall, the DDU PSC pattern is very consistent with expected typical temperature controlled microphysical calculations. Outside of background sulfate aerosols and anomalies related to volcanic activity (like in 2015), Supercooled Ternary Solution (STS) particles are the most observed particle type, closely followed by Nitric Acid Trihydrate (NAT). ICE clouds are less but regularly observed. ICE clouds also have to be cleary separated from cirrus clouds, raising the issue of accurate dynamics tropopause calculations.

Validation of the spaceborne measurements as well as multiple signatures of volcanic or even biomass originated aerosol plumes strengthens the need for groundbased monitoring especially in polar regions where instrumental facilities remain sparse.

How to cite: Tencé, F., Jumelet, J., Sarkissian, A., Bekki, S., and Keckhut, P.: 10 years of Polar Stratospheric Clouds lidar measurements at the French antarctic station Dumont d’Urville, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-18176,, 2020

This abstract will not be presented.