Myco-phytoremediation of mercury polluted soils in Ghana and Burkina Faso
- 1University of Hohenheim, Institute of Agricultural Sciences in the Tropics (Hans-Ruthenberg-Institute), Stuttgart, Germany (email@example.com)
- 2University of Hohenheim, Research Center for Global Food Security and Ecosystems, Stuttgart, Germany
- 3INOQ GmbH, Schnega, Germany
- 4Crops Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Kumasi, Ghana
- 5West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
- 6University of Hohenheim, Institute of Crop Science, Stuttgart, Germany
Unregulated surface gold mining contributes to deforestation and land degradation in Ghana and Burkina Faso (West Africa). In addition, small-scale gold mining uses a technology for gold amalgamation that pollutes the environment with mercury (Hg) and adversely affects human health. In the framework of the recently started Mercury-AMF-project we aim to reduce the environmental damage caused by mercury used in gold mining in Ghana and Burkina Faso. This will be achieved by developing and implementing novel arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) - plant systems as a strategy to reclaim mercury-contaminated sites. The cultivation of pioneer plants on contaminated soils can reduce the mercury pollution. Symbiotic mycorrhizal associations of those plants may strengthen the potential to remediate Hg-contaminated soils.
The implementation of the project is based on the following specific activities:
- Characterization of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) candidates in the soils of Ghana and Burkina Faso;
- Development of prototype AMF plant systems as an innovative strategy for the remediation of Hg-contaminated sites;
- Testing of mycophytoextraction methods to reduce the Hg soil concentration below threshold values;
- Examination of the return of Hg-contaminated sites to agricultural use and the promotion of sustainable land management in gold mining regions;
- Set-up of modelling approaches for the efficiency of mycophytoextraction methods and Hg plant uptake;
- Exploration and communication of institutional and socio-economic framework conditions for the introduction of AMF plant systems.
During the first year of the project soil and plant sampling campaigns in Ghana and Burkina Faso were organised for screening the AMF-candidates capable for symbiosis with local plant species and tolerant to the mercury pollution. Clarification of possible mechanisms of phytoremediation is the next essential component of the research: several pathways of decontamination are possible including phytostabilization, phytovolatilization and phytoextraction. Based on the first results, field experimental trials with new AMF-plant systems will be established.
How to cite: Blagodatsky, S., Ehret, M., Rasche, F., Hutter, I., Birner, R., Dzomeku, B., Neya, O., Cadisch, G., and Wünsche, J.: Myco-phytoremediation of mercury polluted soils in Ghana and Burkina Faso, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-19583, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-19583, 2020