EGU2020-20422, updated on 26 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The influence of light on soil community structure and consequences for soil CO2, CO18O and COS exchange

Lisa Wingate1, Clement Foucault1, Nicolas Fanin1, Joana Sauze1, Pierre-Alain Maron2, Virginie Nowak2, Sebastian Terrat2, Samuel Mondy2, Evert van Schaik1, Olivier Crouzet3, Jérôme Ogée1, and Steven Wohl1
Lisa Wingate et al.
  • 1INRAE, UMR 1391 ISPA, Villenave D'Ornon, France (
  • 2INRAE, Genosol Platform, Agroécologie, AgroSup Dijon, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Dijon, France
  • 3INRAE, UMR ECOSYS, AgroParisTech, Université Paris Saclay, Versailles, France

The stable oxygen isotope composition of atmospheric CO2 and the mixing ratio of carbonyl sulphide (COS) are potential tracers of biospheric CO2 fluxes at large scales. However, the use of these tracers hinges on our ability to understand and better predict the activity of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA) in different soil microbial groups, including phototrophs. Because different classes of the CA family (α, β and γ) may have different affinities to CO2 and COS and their expression should also vary between different microbial groups, differences in the community structure could impact the ‘community-integrated’ CA activity differently for CO2 and COS. Four soils of different pH were incubated in the dark or with a diurnal cycle for forty days to vary the abundance of native phototrophs. Fluxes of CO2, CO18O and COS were measured to estimate CA activity alongside the abundance of bacteria, fungi and phototroph genes. The abundance of soil phototrophs increased most at higher soil pH. In the light, the strength of the soil CO2 sink and the CA-driven CO2-H2O isotopic exchange rates correlated with phototroph abundance. COS uptake rates were attributed to fungi whose abundance was positively enhanced in alkaline soils but only in the presence of increased phototrophs. In addition we developed a metabarcoding approach to reveal the interactions of specific taxonomic groups incuding photosynthetic eukaryotic algae and cyanobacteria when exposed to light and their impact on flux rates. Our findings demonstrate that soil-atmosphere CO2, COS and CO18O fluxes are strongly regulated by the microbial community structure in response to changes in soil pH and light availability and support the idea that different members of the microbial community express different classes of CA, with different affinities to CO2 and COS.

How to cite: Wingate, L., Foucault, C., Fanin, N., Sauze, J., Maron, P.-A., Nowak, V., Terrat, S., Mondy, S., van Schaik, E., Crouzet, O., Ogée, J., and Wohl, S.: The influence of light on soil community structure and consequences for soil CO2, CO18O and COS exchange , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-20422,, 2020.


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