EGU2020-20657, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Plant available silicon in bare fallow soils after 90 years of annual supplies of manure, lime and fertilizers

Zimin Li1, Jean-Dominique Meunier2, Folkert Van-Oort3, Catherine Keller2, and Bruno Delvaux1
Zimin Li et al.
  • 1Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), Earth and life Institute, Soil Science, Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium (
  • 2CNRS, IRD, Coll France, CEREGE, Aix Marseille Université, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
  • 3INRA/AgroParisTech, UMR 1402 ECOSYS, Équipe Ecotoxicologie, RD-10, F-78026 Versailles Cedex, France

Silicon (Si), non-essential but beneficial to plants, plays a crucial role in maintaining plant functions by alleviating a number of biotic and abiotic stresses. Applying manure, lime and chemical fertilizers to soils may impact the pool of plant available Si, but their impact over decades to century is unknown.

Here, we determined the evolution of the content of plant available Si in a silty soil derived from Quaternary loess (Haplic Luvisol), submitted to a long-term bare fallow experiment initiated in 1928 in Versailles (INRA, France). On this bare fallow soil, different treatments were applied annually since 1929, among which, manure, lime (CaCO3), NaNO3 and (NH4)2SO4) and compared to control soil. Archived soil samples were already characterized for their basic properties (pH, CEC, OC, N, oxalate-extractable Al, Fe and Si, DCB extractable Fe, particle size distribution, elemental analysis). Here, we computed the total reserve in bases (TRB), and we determined the content of plant available Si (CaCl2-Si) through a kinetical extraction using 0.01 M CaCl2.

TRB was 110 cmol (+) kg-1 in 1929. During the 90 years period, TRB (cmol (+) kg-1) remained constant in manured plots, decreased to 96 in control/NaNO3 plots and to 84 in the (NH4)2SO4 plot whereas it increased to 160 in the CaCO3 plot. The initial CaCl2-Si content did not differ between the treatments, as it ranged between 25 and 30 mg kg-1 in 1929. Annual manure supply resulted in the progressive increase of CaCl2-Si up to 60 mg kg-1. In this treatment, CaCl2-Si (30 to 60 mg kg-1) and OC (18 to 40 g kg-1) contents were strongly and positively correlated, suggesting the continuous silicon through manure supply (probably phytoliths), and their dissolution at pH 6.6-7.6. In the four other treatments, OC content regularly decreased from 18 to 5 g kg-1 from 1929 to 2019, but CaCl2-Si largely differed between them. Our data suggest a strong impact of pH on CaCl2-Si as well as the occurrence of two sources of bioavailable Si: phytoliths in limed plots (pH 6.6 to 8.8) and clay minerals in acidified plots submitted to annual (NH4)2SO4 application (pH from 6 to 3.5).

Our preliminary results show that, in a given soil type, the pool of bioavailable silicon is strongly affected by soil properties, especially soil pH, OC content and weathering stage.

How to cite: Li, Z., Meunier, J.-D., Van-Oort, F., Keller, C., and Delvaux, B.: Plant available silicon in bare fallow soils after 90 years of annual supplies of manure, lime and fertilizers, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-20657,, 2020


Display file