EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Seismic P- and S-wave velocity Tomography in Scandinavia

Nevra Bulut1, Valerie Maupin2, and Hans Thybo1
Nevra Bulut et al.
  • 1Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
  • 2Centre for Earth Evolution and Dynamics, University of Oslo, Norway

The causes of the high topography in Scandinavia along the North Atlantic passive continental margins are enigmatic, and two end-member models have been proposed. One opinion is that the high topography has been maintained since the Caledonian orogeny, because isostatic rebound has compensated for most of the erosion over >400 My. The other opinion is that the topography is Cenozoic and that it is related to plate tectonic or deep thermal / geodynamic processes. Onshore uplift is related to simultaneous offshore subsidence, and the rapid topographic changes may be the combined result of a series of complementary processes.

Here, we provide new evidence for the upper mantle structure by calculating a tomographic model for Fennoscandia (Scandinavia and Finland) by teleseismic inversion of finite-frequency P- and S- wave travel-time residuals. We use seismic signals from earthquakes at epicentral distances between 30° and 104° and with magnitudes larger than 5.5, gathered on 200 broad-band seismic stations installed by the ScanArray project in Norway, Sweden and Finland, which operated during 2012-2017, together with data from earlier projects and stationary stations..

We measure relative travel-time residuals of direct body waves in high- and low-frequency bands, and carry out an appropriate frequency-dependent crustal correction. The average residuals vary over the region, and show clear trends depending on location and and back-azimuthal directions. This demonstrates the presence of significant heterogeneity of seismic velocities in the upper mantle across the region. Based on the travel-time residuals, we carry out finite-frequency body-wave tomographic inversion to determine the P and S wave seismic velocity structure of the upper-mantle. By use of “relative kernels” we reduce problems related to station coverage with asynchronous datasets, which allows the use of data from different deployments for the inversion. The resulting seismic model is compared to the existing and past topography in order to contribute to the understanding of mechanisms responsible for the topographic changes in the Fennoscandian region, which we relate to the general tectonic and geological evolution of the North Atlantic region. The models provide basis for deriving high-resolution models of temperature and compositional anomalies that may contribute to the understanding of the observed, enigmatic topography.

How to cite: Bulut, N., Maupin, V., and Thybo, H.: Seismic P- and S-wave velocity Tomography in Scandinavia, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-22265,, 2020