EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Capturing the 2018 Monsoon Onset in the Bay of Bengal from in-situ ship and mooring network observations

Amit Tandon1, Emily Shroyer2, Ramasamy Venkatesan3, Andrew Lucas4, J. Thomas Farrar5, and Michael McPhaden6
Amit Tandon et al.
  • 1UMass Dartmouth, Mechanical Engineering, North Dartmouth, United States of America (
  • 2Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA
  • 3National Institute Of Ocean Technology, India
  • 4University of California San Diego, USA
  • 5Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA
  • 6NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, USA

Air-Sea interaction in the Bay of Bengal has a strong coupling with the Monsoon rains over the South Asian region. The wet and dry spells, or active-break cycles of the Asian summer monsoon are governed by different modes of intra-seasonal variability with implied northward and westward propagation. Multiple hypotheses exist as to how air-sea interaction and the ocean mixed layer influence the propagation of Monsoon Intra-seasonal Oscillations (MISO), but the multi-scale nature of atmosphere-ocean coupling is not well understood. Multi-country collaborative initiatives MISOBOB (Oceanic Control of Monsoon Intra-seasonal Oscillations in the Tropical Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal-USA), RIO-MISO (Role of the Indian Ocean on Monsoon Intra-Seasonal Oscillations-USA), and OMM (Ocean Mixing and Monsoons-India) have led to a combination of ocean observations, atmospheric observations, and associated modeling to study this phenomenon.


We present observations analyzed using the OMNI (Ocean Moored Buoy Network for Northern Indian Ocean) buoy network of India and RAMA 15N mooring along with MISOBOB field program in June 2018, which captured the onset of the 2018 Monsoon from a heavily instrumented ship that simultaneously made measurements in the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers. The shortwave and net heat fluxes show dramatic changes during the active phase with the in-situ net heat flux reversing sign. The Monsoon onset cooled all of the Central and North Bay of Bengal by 1.5 K, leading to large heat losses in the Bay, as the oceanic surface mixed layer deepened from 20m to about 40m. This talk will also explore the role of sub-surface salinity stratification in modulating cooling of the upper ocean at multiple locations across the Bay, providing a basin-wide view. Observations suggest that the air-sea interaction and ocean stratification in the Bay likely has strong feedback on the organized convection in the atmosphere.

How to cite: Tandon, A., Shroyer, E., Venkatesan, R., Lucas, A., Farrar, J. T., and McPhaden, M.: Capturing the 2018 Monsoon Onset in the Bay of Bengal from in-situ ship and mooring network observations , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-3793,, 2020


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