Underestimation of temperature variability in weather generators and implications for the representation of extreme temperatures in downscaled climate change scenarios
- Agroscope, Agroecology & Environment, Zurich, Switzerland (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Stochastic weather generators are still widely used for downscaling climate change scenarios, in particular in the context of agricultural and hydrological impact assessments. Their performance is in many respects satisfactory, except perhaps for the fact that they fail to represent climatic variability in an adequate way. This has implications for the representation of extreme values and their statistics. Concerning precipitation, different approaches for amending this situation have proposed in the past, including using more sophisticated models to better simulate the persistence of wet and dry spells, conditioning rainfall-generating parameters on indices of the large-scale atmospheric circulation, or employing autoregressive models to represent year-to-year variations in annual precipitation amounts. With regard to (minimum and maximum) temperature, efforts to address the question of why weather generators underestimate total variability have been less systematic. Based on results obtained with a well-known weather generator (LARS-WG), this contribution aims to discuss which modes of variability are missing and why, elaborate on the implications of underrepresenting temperature variance for the simulation of temperature extremes in downscaled climate change scenarios, and suggest options to tackle the problem and improve the model performance.
How to cite: Calanca, P.: Underestimation of temperature variability in weather generators and implications for the representation of extreme temperatures in downscaled climate change scenarios, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-4572, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4572, 2020