EGU2020-5715, updated on 09 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Compaction versus reactive flow: How does melt fraction change in crustal mush reservoirs?

Haiyang Hu and Matthew Jackson
Haiyang Hu and Matthew Jackson
  • Imperial College London, Earth Science and Engineering, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (

Chemical differentiation requires the relative motion of melt and crystals during multicomponent phase change.  Compaction is often invoked as the mechanism that allows this in crystal rich ‘mush’ reservoirs.  Compaction is a term used broadly to describe the coupled processes of buoyancy-driven melt flow through permeable crystalline matrix and matrix deformation in response to the extraction or accumulation of melt.  One key challenge to melt segregation models that invoke compaction is that textural evidence for crystal deformation in the residual material left after melt extraction is largely absent (Holness, 2018).

Here, we test the relative contribution of compaction and reactive flow to melt fraction change in crustal mush reservoirs using a modified version of the reactive flow model of (Solano et al., 2014).  Reactive flow changes melt, solid and bulk composition and is essential to chemical differentiation in crustal mush reservoirs but has been largely neglected in models of melt segregation.  We find that melt fraction changes in response to reactive flow can be as important as those caused by compaction, irrespective of the phase behaviour tested.  That compaction may account for only half the melt fraction change observed in mush reservoirs could help to explain why textural evidence for mush deformation remains enigmatic.


Holness, M. B. (2018). Melt segregation from silicic crystal mushes: a critical appraisal of possible mechanisms and their microstructural record. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 173(6):48.
Solano, J. M. S., Jackson, M. D., Sparks, R. S. J., and Blundy, J. (2014). Evolution of major and trace element composition during melt migration through crystalline mush: Implications for chemical differentiation in the crust. American Journal of Science, 314(5):895–939.


How to cite: Hu, H. and Jackson, M.: Compaction versus reactive flow: How does melt fraction change in crustal mush reservoirs?, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-5715,, 2020.