EGU21-10540
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10540
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Rising COand warming lead to declining global canopy demand for nitrogen

Ning Dong1,2, Iain Colin Prentice1,2,3, Ian Wright2, Xiangzhong Luo4, and Nick Smith5
Ning Dong et al.
  • 1Imperial College London, Department of Life Sciences, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot , UK
  • 2Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Ryde, Australia
  • 3Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modelling, Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
  • 4Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • 5Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, USA

Nitrogen (N) limitation constrains the magnitude of terrestrial carbon uptake in response to COfertilization and climate change. However, the trajectory of N demand, and how it is influenced by continuing changes in COand climate, is incompletely understood. We estimate recent changes in global canopy N demand based on a well-tested optimality hypothesis for the control of photosynthetic capacity (Vcmax). The predicted global pattern of optimal leaf-level Vcmax is similar to the pattern derived from remotely sensed chlorophyll retrievals. Over the period from 1982 to 2015, rising COand warming both contributed to decreasing leaf-level N demand. Widespread increases in green vegetation cover over the same period (especially in high latitudes) imply increasing total canopy N demand. The net global trend is, nonetheless, a decrease in total canopy N demand. This work provides a new perspective on the past, present and future of the global terrestrial N cycle.

How to cite: Dong, N., Prentice, I. C., Wright, I., Luo, X., and Smith, N.: Rising CO2 and warming lead to declining global canopy demand for nitrogen, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-10540, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10540, 2021.

Display materials

Display file

Comments on the display material

to access the discussion