EGU21-14170, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14170
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Soil water dynamics in forested and irrigated sites in Cyprus 

Marinos Eliades1, Adriana Bruggeman1, Hakan Djuma1, Melpomeni Siakou1, Panagiota Venetsanou1, Christos Zoumides1, and Christof Huebner2
Marinos Eliades et al.
  • 1The Cyprus Institute, Energy, Environment and Water Research Center (EEWRC), Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 2TRUEBNER GmbH, Neustadt, Germany

The water storage in soil is a dynamic process that changes with soil, vegetation and climate properties. Water retention curves, that describe the relationship between the soil water content (θ) and the soil water potential (ψ), are used to model soil water flow and root water uptake by the plants. The overall objective of this study is to derive the retention curves of soils at two forested (Agia Marina, Platania) and two irrigated (Galata, Strakka) sites in Cyprus from in-situ soil moisture and soil water potential observations. 
The long-term (1980 – 2010) average annual rainfall at Strakka olive grove (255 m elevation), Agia Marina P. brutia forest (640 m), Galata peach orchard (784 m) and Platania P. brutia forest (1160 m) is 298, 425, 502 and 839 mm, respectively.  The average soil depth at Agia Marina is 14 cm, while at other sites it is around 1 m. We installed a total of 18 TEROS21 soil water potential sensors, 37 5TM and 19 SMT100 soil moisture sensors, at different soil depths at the four sites. 
Results from January 2019 to January 2021 show differences in the water retention curves of the four sites due to different soil textures. At the forested sites, θ reached wilting point at the summer period, indicating that trees extend their roots beyond the soil profile, to the bedrock in order to survive. At the irrigated sites, θ exceeds field capacity during irrigation, indicating over-irrigation. We found different water retention relations after rainfall and after irrigation, indicating that irrigation has an uneven spatial distribution. These findings suggest that the irrigation in these fields is not optimal and farmers may need to increase the number of irrigation drippers, while reducing the irrigation amount per dripper. From a monitoring perspective, increasing the number of sensors may give a better representation of the soil moisture conditions. 
The research has received financial support from the ERANETMED3 program, as part of the ISOMED project (Environmental Isotope Techniques for Water Flow Accounting), funded through the Cyprus Research and Innovation Foundation.

How to cite: Eliades, M., Bruggeman, A., Djuma, H., Siakou, M., Venetsanou, P., Zoumides, C., and Huebner, C.: Soil water dynamics in forested and irrigated sites in Cyprus , EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-14170, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-14170, 2021.

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