EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Investigation of the effect of stress states on hydro-mechanical behaviors of reservoir rock under fluid injection

Qi Li1,2, Miao He1,2, Michael Kühn3,4, Xiaying Li1,2, and Liang Xu1,2
Qi Li et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China (
  • 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China (
  • 3GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Fluid Systems Modelling, Potsdam, Germany (
  • 4University of Potsdam, Earth and Environmental Science, Potsdam, Germany

Injecting fluid into the formation is an effective solution for improving the permeability and production of a target reservoir. The evaluation of economy and safety of injection process is a challenging issue faced in reservoir engineering [1-2]. As known, the relative magnitude and direction of the principal stresses significantly influence the hydro-mechanical behavior of reservoir rock during fluid injection. However, due to the limitations of current testing techniques, it is still difficult to comprehensively conduct laboratory injection tests under various stress conditions, e.g. triaxial extension stress states [3]. To this end, a series of numerical simulations were carried out on reservoir rock to study the hydro-mechanical changes under different stress states during fluid injection. In this modelling, the saturated rock is first loaded to the target stress state under drainage conditions, and then the stress state is maintained and water is injected from the top end to simulate the reservoir injection process. Particular attention is paid to the difference in hydro-mechanical changes under triaxial compression and extension stresses. This includes the difference of the pore pressure propagation, mean effective stress, volumetric strain, and stress-induced permeability. The numerical results demonstrate that the differential stress will significantly affect the hydro-mechanical behavior of target rock, but the degree of influence is different under the two triaxial stress states. The hydro-mechanical changes caused by the triaxial compression stress states are generally greater than that of extension, but the difference decreases with increasing differential stress, indicating that the increase of the differential stress will weaken the impact of the stress state on the hydro-mechanical response. This study can deepen our understanding of the stress-induced hydro-mechanical coupling process in reservoir injection engineering.

Keywords: Reservoir injection; Subsurface flow; Hydro-mechanical coupling; Stress state; Triaxial experiment modelling

[1] Li, X., Lei, X. & Li, Q. 2016. Injection-induced fracturing process in a tight sandstone under different saturation conditions. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75, 1466,

[2] Yang, D., Li, Q. & Zhang, L. 2016. Propagation of pore pressure diffusion waves in saturated dual-porosity media (II). Journal of Applied Physics, 119, 154901,

[3] Xu, L., Li, Q., Myers, M., Tan, Y., He, M., Umeobi, H.I. & Li, X. 2021. The effects of porosity and permeability changes on simulated supercritical CO2 migration front in tight glutenite under different effective confining pressures from 1.5 MPa to 21.5 MPa. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology,

How to cite: Li, Q., He, M., Kühn, M., Li, X., and Xu, L.: Investigation of the effect of stress states on hydro-mechanical behaviors of reservoir rock under fluid injection, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-1656,, 2021.

Display materials

Display file

Comments on the display material

to access the discussion