EGU21-16577
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-16577
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Rupture analysis of the 2020 Petrinja earthquake based on seismological observations

Mathieu Causse
Mathieu Causse
  • ISTerre, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Univ. SavoieMont Blanc, CNRS, IRD, Univ. Gustave Eiffel, 38000 Grenoble, France

Here, I use seismological observations (~70 broadband stations at distances between 100 and 400 km from the source) to characterize the rupture properties of the Petrinja mainshock (Mw 6.4). First, I perform a spectral analysis of the P-waves to compute the corner frequency. In order to remove the wave propagation effects and isolate the source properties, I use the largest foreshocks and aftershocks (Mw>4) as empirical Green’s functions (EGFs). Assuming a Brune’s source model, the obtained stress drop is ~20 MPa. This rather large value is in agreement with the short rupture length of ~8 km inferred by InSAR data (Ganas et al. 2021). In addition, the weak azimuthal variations of the corner frequencies indicates a bilateral rupture, that is a rupture nucleating close to the fault center. Second, I compute the apparent source time functions (i.e. the source time functions “seen” from any station) using an EGF deconvolution approach. The results indicate an average rupture duration of 5-6 s with weak azimuthal variation of the apparent rupture duration, in agreement with the spectral analysis. Finally, I perform a Bayesian inversion of the apparent source function, in order to obtain a kinematic model of the rupture propagation (slip distribution, rupture velocity). The preliminary results reveal a slow velocity of the rupture propagation. Such a slow rupture velocity associated with a large stress drop has been observed on other faults with slow slip rates (e.g. Causse et al. 2017). This work provides insight on the rupture process of this major event on a poorly documented fault. I am fully open for collaborations to further develop and enrich this study.


References
Causse, M., G. Cultrera, L. Moreau, A. Herrero, E. Schiapappietra and F. Courboulex. Bayesian rupture imaging in a complex medium. The 29 May 2012 Emilia, Northern Italy, earthquake (2017), Geophysical Research Letters, DOI : 10.1002/2017GL074698.
Ganas, A., Elias, P., Valkaniotis, S., Tsironi, V., Karasante, I., Briole, P., 2021, Petrinja earthquake moved crust 10 feet, Temblor, http://doi.org/10.32858/temblor.156

How to cite: Causse, M.: Rupture analysis of the 2020 Petrinja earthquake based on seismological observations, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-16577, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-16577, 2021.

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