EGU21-4967, updated on 04 Mar 2021
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A complete Martian year of atmospheric observations with InSight instruments

Aymeric Spiga1, Don Banfield2, Claire Newman3, Naomi Murdoch4, Ralph Lorenz5, Raphael F. Garcia4, Daniel Viúdez‐Moreiras6, Jorge Pla-Garcia6, François Forget1, Constantinos Charalambous7, Mariah Baker8, Léo Martire4, Clément Perrin9, Mark Lemmon10, Éléonore Stutzmann11, Anna Mittelholz12, Alexander Stott4,7, Nils Mueller13, Anna Horleston14, Savas Ceylan12, and the InSight & TWINS & SEIS teams*
Aymeric Spiga et al.
  • 1Sorbonne Université - Campus Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique BC 99, Paris, France (
  • 2Cornell University, Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA
  • 3Aeolis Research, 333 N Dobson Road, Unit 5, Chandler AZ 85224-4412, USA
  • 4Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), 10 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • 5Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723, USA
  • 6Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC‐INTA), 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
  • 7Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
  • 8Morton K. Blaustein Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 301 Olin Hall, 3400 N. Charles St, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
  • 9Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique, UMR6112, OSUNA UMS3281, Univ. Nantes, Univ. Angers, CNRS, 2 rue de la Houssinière - BP 92208, 44322 Nantes Cedex 3, France
  • 10Space Science Institute, 4765 Walnut Street, Suite B, Boulder, CO, 80301, USA
  • 11Université de Paris, Institut de physique du globe de Paris, CNRS, F-75005 Paris, France
  • 12Institute of Geophysics, ETH Zurich, Sonneggstr. 5, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
  • 13German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Planetary Research, Rutherfordstr. 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany
  • 14School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queens Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

On the first hundreds of sols in which the InSight lander operated on the surface of Mars, its instrumentation has proven to be particularly suitable to unveil and understand atmospheric variability at all temporal scales, from the synoptic scale (baroclinic waves) to the sub-hour scale (gravity waves, bores) down to the turbulent scale (vortices, gusts, infrasounds). Recently, the InSight lander achieved a complete Martian year of observations of the atmosphere of Mars -- allowing for the seasonal variability of the Martian atmosphere and its phenomena at all scales to be monitored almost continuously, including during several large dust storms episodes. In this presentation, based on this Martian year of InSight observations, we will review the annual CO2 sublimation / condensation cycle, the variability of large-scale meteorology, the statistics of a year of wind observations -- and insightful comparisons with global climate models, the strong seasonal variability of gravity wave and turbulent activity, including a burst of activity of convective vortices in Mars' southern summer. We will also discuss how the atmosphere influences seismic and magnetic signals captured by InSight -- and the search for Martian infrasound.

InSight & TWINS & SEIS teams:

led by M. Panning / S. Smrekar / W.B. Banerdt (JPL / USA) & J.A. Rodriguez-Manfredi (CAB / Spain) & P. Lognonné (IPGP / France)

How to cite: Spiga, A., Banfield, D., Newman, C., Murdoch, N., Lorenz, R., Garcia, R. F., Viúdez‐Moreiras, D., Pla-Garcia, J., Forget, F., Charalambous, C., Baker, M., Martire, L., Perrin, C., Lemmon, M., Stutzmann, É., Mittelholz, A., Stott, A., Mueller, N., Horleston, A., and Ceylan, S. and the InSight & TWINS & SEIS teams: A complete Martian year of atmospheric observations with InSight instruments, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-4967,, 2021.

Corresponding presentation materials formerly uploaded have been withdrawn.