EGU21-5894
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-5894
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Quantification of the Emission Changes in Europe During 2020 Due to the COVID-19 Mobility Restrictions

Marc Guevara1, Oriol Jorba1, Hervé Petetin1, Hugo Denier Van Der Gon2, Jeroen Kuenen2, Ingrid Super2, Vincent-Henri Peuch3, and Carlos Pérez García-Pando1,4
Marc Guevara et al.
  • 1Barcelona Supercomputing Center, Barcelona, Spain
  • 2Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientic Research (TNO), Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 3European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Bonn, Germany
  • 4Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain

To hinder the circulation of the COVID-19 virus, European governments implemented emergency measures going from light social distancing to strict lockdowns, depending on the country. As a consequence, many industries, businesses and transport networks were forced to either close down or drastically reduce their activity, which resulted in an unprecedented drop of anthropogenic emissions. This work presents the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) European regional emission reduction factors associated to the COVID-19 mobility restrictions (CAMS-REG_ERF-COVID19), an open source dataset of daily-, sector-, pollutant- and country-dependent emission reduction factors for Europe linked to the COVID-19 pandemic. The resulting dataset covers a total of six emission sectors, including: road transport, energy industry, manufacturing industry, residential and commercial combustion, aviation and shipping. The time period covered by the dataset includes the first and second waves of the disease ocurred during 2020, starting from 21 February, when the first European localised lockdown was implemented in the region of Lombardy (Italy), until 31 December, when COVID-19 transmission remained widespread and several countries had nationwide restrictions still in place. The CAMS-REG_ERF-COVID19 dataset is based on a wide range of information sources and approaches, including open access and measured activity data and meteorological data, as well as the use of machine learning techniques. We combined the computed emission reduction factors with the Copernicus CAMS European gridded emission inventory to spatially (0.1x0.05 degrees) and temporally (daily) quantify reductions in 2020 primary emissions from both criteria pollutants (NOx, SO2, NMVOC, NH3, CO, PM10 and PM2.5) and greenhouse gases (CO2 fossil fuel, CO2 biofuel and CH4), as well as to assess the contribution of each pollutant sector and country to the overall reductions. The resulting gridded and time-resolved emission reductions suggest an heterogeneous impact of the COVID-19 across pollutants, sectors and countries.

How to cite: Guevara, M., Jorba, O., Petetin, H., Denier Van Der Gon, H., Kuenen, J., Super, I., Peuch, V.-H., and Pérez García-Pando, C.: Quantification of the Emission Changes in Europe During 2020 Due to the COVID-19 Mobility Restrictions, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-5894, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-5894, 2021.

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