EGU21-7008, updated on 04 Mar 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7008
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Experimental study on brine-CO2-rock interaction in carbonate formations of Tazhong-Uplift, Tarim Basin China

Kaisaerjiang Aihemaiti, Jianmei Cheng, Shiyi Wang, Ruirui Zhao, and Xiaoli Ma
Kaisaerjiang Aihemaiti et al.
  • China University of Geosciences(Wuhan), School of Environmental Stududeis, Hydrogeology, China (kaisar33@163.com)

Abstract: CO2 storage in saline aquifers is one of the most effective ways of geological carbon sequestration. In order to better understand brine-CO2-rock interaction in carbonate reservoirs, 4 series of autoclave experiments with the carbonate rock powder samples with injection of super critical CO2 have been performed. Two core samples were collected from the TC1well at the depth of 4030m (Lianglitage Formation) and 5100m (Qiulitage Formation), and another two samples from corresponding formation  and with varing mineral content were collected from the Yijianfang outcrop and Xiaoerbulake outcrop in Tazhong-Uplift, Tarim Basin, China. The experimental conditions simulate the environment of the reservoir around 4000m depth at the Tazhong Uplift with 25Mpa and 120 degree, where the brine water is CaCl2 type with TDS equal to 135g/l. The FESEM,EDS, XRD, ICP-OES analysis have been performed to examine the mineral chemical composition, morphology and water solution change. The results show that, in all cases after the injection of CO2, with CO2 dissolution, pH shows a decrease at the beginning days of the experiments and start to rise, becomes stable at the end of the experiment. Where as, with the dissolution of the minerals results in continuous increase in electrical conductivity. The SEM analysis demonstrates the dissolution of the calcite and dolomite resulted in a rough surface structure and the sharp edges of calcite and dolomite are dissolved. Also, it is able to observe the formations of new micropores and formation of secondary minerals such as ankerite. In the fluid analysis, Ca2+ is the dominant dissolved cation and originated from calcite and dolomite dissolution. The concentration of Ca2+will first increase sharply and then decreases, whereas concentration of Mg2+ will increase slowly, which means calcite dissolution take places faster than dolomite dissolution. Numerical modeling has been applied to validate the experimental observations with corrected reaction rate. These results can be used for numerical calculation of mineral trapping over long period. This study is helpful for implementation of carbon sequestration plan in Tarim Basin, China.

How to cite: Aihemaiti, K., Cheng, J., Wang, S., Zhao, R., and Ma, X.: Experimental study on brine-CO2-rock interaction in carbonate formations of Tazhong-Uplift, Tarim Basin China, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7008, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7008, 2021.

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