EGU21-8238
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-8238
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Catchment-scale metal retention revealed from natural bacterial sulfate reduction (BSR)

Sandra Fischer1, Jerker Jarsjö1, Gunhild Rosqvist1, and Carl-Magnus Mörth2
Sandra Fischer et al.
  • 1Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Acid mine drainage (AMD) threaten ecosystems world-wide and research on biological remediation techniques are increasing. One of them is bacterial sulfate reduction (BSR) that immobilizes the aqueous sulfate and through coprecipitation removes dissolved metals from the more bioavailable phase. Although BSR has previously only been investigated at the local wastewater treatment scale (e.g. for constructed wetlands), it is unknown to which extent they contribute to contaminant attenuation at larger scales (e.g. a hydrological basin). We developed a new method to trace the activity of BSR within an AMD-impacted catchment using sulfur isotopes (δ34S) and found that they naturally reduce 30% of the riverine sulfate and metal concentrations, with a spread from 10 to 50% reduction within the catchment. These results are based on surface water field measurements from our test site in northern Sweden combined in a mass-balance mixing model where we explicitly addressed the isotopic fractionation from bacterial activity. This innovative mapping of catchment-scale biogeochemical natural attenuation provides important clues to strategically target remediation measures, e.g. potential in-situ enhancement of the BSR activity. In combination with stable water isotopes we hope to refine this method to further identify BSR hot spots within the catchment and to extend its application to other sites, e.g. the Khibiny mining region, Russia.

How to cite: Fischer, S., Jarsjö, J., Rosqvist, G., and Mörth, C.-M.: Catchment-scale metal retention revealed from natural bacterial sulfate reduction (BSR), EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-8238, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-8238, 2021.

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