EGU21-8263
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-8263
EGU General Assembly 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

To what extent does the environmental magnetism technique acts as a way of assessing the uptake of atmospheric particles by plants?

Sarah Letaïef, Pierre Camps, Thierry Poidras, Patrick Nicol, Delphine Bosch, and Olivier Bruguier
Sarah Letaïef et al.
  • CNRS, Geosciences, France (sarah.letaief@umontpellier.fr)

Numerous studies have already shown the possibility of tracing the sources, the
compositions, and the concentration of atmospheric pollutants deposited on plant
leaves. In environmental geochemistry, inter-element and isotope ratios from
chemical element assays have been used for these purposes. Alternatively,
environmental magnetism represents a quick and inexpensive asset that is
increasingly used as a relative indicator for concentrations of air pollutant on bio
accumulator surfaces such as plants. However, a fundamental issue is still pending:
Do plants in urban areas represent a sink for fine particles that is sufficiently effective
to improve air quality? This is a very topical issue because some studies have shown
that the foliage can trap fine particles by different dry deposition processes, while
other studies based on CFD models indicate that plant hedges in cities can hinder
the atmospheric dispersion of pollutants and therefore increase pollution at the level of
emission sources such as traffic. To date, no consensus was made because several
factors not necessary well known must be taken into account, such as, PM
concentration and size, prevailing wind, surface structures, epicuticular wax, to
mention just a few examples. A first step toward the understanding of the impact of
urban greens on air quality is the precise determination of the deposition velocity (Vd)
parameter. This latter is specific for each species and it is most of the time
underestimated in modeling-based studies by taking standard values.
In that perspective, we built a wind tunnel (6 m long, 86 cm wide and 86 cm high) to
perform analogical experiments on different endemic species. All parameters are
controlled, i.e, the wind speed, the nature and the injection time of pollutants (Gasoline
or Diesel exhausts, brakes or tires dust, etc…). We can provide the PM concentrations
upwind and downwind of natural reconstituted hedges by two dustmeters (LOACs -
MétéoModem). Beforehand, parameters such as the hedge resistance (%) or the leaf
area index (LAI) have been estimated for each studied specie to allow comparability
between plants removal potential. The interest would ultimately combine PM
concentration measured by size bins from the LOACs with magnetic measurements
(ARM, IRM100mT, IRM300mT and SIRM) of plant leaves. The idea is to check whether it
would be possible to precisely determine in situ the dust removal rate by urban greens
with environmental magnetism measurements. Up to now, we have carried out on
different endemic species such as Elaeagnus x ebbingei leaves and Mediterranean
pine needles, the results of which will be presented.

How to cite: Letaïef, S., Camps, P., Poidras, T., Nicol, P., Bosch, D., and Bruguier, O.: To what extent does the environmental magnetism technique acts as a way of assessing the uptake of atmospheric particles by plants?, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-8263, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-8263, 2021.

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