EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A Non-Local Spread-F-like Event Over Arecibo as the Possible Result of a Solar Wind Pressure Pulse

Salih Mehmed Bostan, Julio V. Urbina, John D Mathews, and Ross L. Dinsmore
Salih Mehmed Bostan et al.
  • Bursa Technical University, Electrical and Electronicss Engineering, Bursa, Turkey (

Solar wind pressure pulses are known to modify electrodynamics of the terrestrial magnetosphere. In this paper, we present a possible electrodynamic reaction of the ionosphere to a small and brief pressure pulse observed by local and non-local instrument systems over Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico and extending over at least the mesoscale. Initially, a strong, four hour long, mid-latitude spread-F-like event was observed through a high frequency, wide-beam radar system, Penn State Ionospheric Radar Imager (PIRI), deployed near Arecibo (18.36◦ E, 66.75◦ S, and f = 4.42 MHz). The same spread-F event was also observed using the dual, narrow-beam 430 MHz Arecibo incoherent scatter radar. Furthermore, GPS delta-vTEC measurements from Carribean island sector revealed that the event was apparently moving from west to east and then east to west crossing over Arecibo twice. Similar GPS-TEC measurements from the South American sector showed that an equatorial spread-F was also present. We use SuperMAG magnetometer and NASA’s OMNI solar wind data to show that a small solar wind pressure pulse and rapid changes in the solar wind magnetic field are likely causes for the observed ionospheric features over Arecibo.

How to cite: Bostan, S. M., Urbina, J. V., Mathews, J. D., and Dinsmore, R. L.: A Non-Local Spread-F-like Event Over Arecibo as the Possible Result of a Solar Wind Pressure Pulse, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-10089,, 2022.

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