EGU22-13410, updated on 28 Mar 2022
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Differences between surface and air urban heat island for clear sky conditions in Iasi city (Romania) and their relation with atmospheric circulation

Lucian Sfica, Claudiu Cretu, Pavel Ichim, Iuliana-Gabriela Breaban, and Robert Hritac
Lucian Sfica et al.
  • Department of Geography, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

The increasing accessibility to high resolution land surface temperature (LST) data unbalances recently the investigation of the urban heat island (UHI) towards approaches based on these remote sensing tools. However, for a holistic assessment of UHI, a need of comparison of the resulted surface urban heat island (SUHI) with the air urban heat island(AUHI) remains of great interest. In our study we respond to this demand by taking to account all the MODIS LST images and their corresponding synchronous air temperature observations from 9 in-situ monitoring points evenly distributed over the city of Iași for 2013-2020. This way, using a total of 2901 satellite images, the main diurnal and seasonal characteristics of clear-sky SUHI have been outlined for Iași city.

The results obtained describe accurately the intensity of the SUHI, but also its relation with the urban land use categories. During summer season in daytime the spatial extent of SUHI reaches its maximum, SUHI being bounded by the 35°C isotherm in direct relation with the highest imperviousness ratio. In the winter season instead, SUHI is almost absent during the day especially due to the high frequency of temperature inversions in this area. Also, the geometry of SUHI tends to be compact and regular during the nighttime and more irregular during the daytime, as a result of the higher and more complex energy input.

The comparison with the in-situ observations indicates that the differences between SUHI and AUHI are highest during the daytime in spring and summer, when LST is 5 to 7°C higher than the air temperature in classical sheltered conditions, while during winter no major difference can be observed. For the nighttime the LST is 1 to 3°C lower than air conditions regardles of the seasons. The analysis is detailed with the influence of land use categories and imperviousness ratio on SUHI, but also on the difference between SUHI and AUHI. As well, using a k-means atmospheric circulation classification we identified the weather patterns that are capable to increase both the SUHI intensity, and the difference between SUHI and AUHI.

How to cite: Sfica, L., Cretu, C., Ichim, P., Breaban, I.-G., and Hritac, R.: Differences between surface and air urban heat island for clear sky conditions in Iasi city (Romania) and their relation with atmospheric circulation, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-13410,, 2022.