EGU22-4173
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-4173
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Quantifying the impact of soil erosion on soil security by using alternative fallout radionuclides 

Vanesa García-Gamero1, Andrés Peñuela1, José Luis Mas2, Adolfo Peña3, Santiago Hurtado Bermúdez4, and Tom Vanwalleghem1
Vanesa García-Gamero et al.
  • 1University of Córdoba, Department of Agronomy, Córdoba, Spain (g02gagav@uco.es)
  • 2Universidad de Sevilla, Departamento de Física Aplicada I, ETSII, Sevilla, Spain
  • 3University of Córdoba, Department of Rural Engineering, Civil Constructions and Engineering Projects, Córdoba, Spain
  • 4Universidad de Sevilla, Departamento de Física Aplicada II, ETSA, Sevilla, Spain

Soil erosion by water is a severe problem throughout the world that threatens soil security and the health of water bodies. This problem is aggravated by global climate change, leading to more intense rainfall and drought events. Moreover, soil erosion also intensifies the impacts of drought by reducing the soils' capacity to hold water and maintain sustainable crop yields. This project aims to evaluate the current status and future evolution of soil security in the Guadalquivir basin. For this purpose, we use a combination of predictive modelling and estimations of long-term soil erosion-deposition rates based on field observations and measurements of fallout radionuclide (FRN) tracers in representative catchments. We test and apply a novel method for analyzing 239+240Pu isotopes, that offers a much cheaper way of analysis and hence a potential new standard to estimate long-term soil erosion-deposition rates. Spatially distributed estimations of long-term soil erosion-deposition rates are used to calibrate and evaluate the soil erosion models RUSLE and MMF-TWI which will then be used to assess present and future soil resource status in the catchments of study. Here, we present the preliminary results of this project, particularly the results obtained by the analysis of 239+240Pu  isotopes in an olive grove catchment and how these results compare against the more established 137Cs analysis and estimations of soil truncation based on measurements of the height of olive tree mounds.

How to cite: García-Gamero, V., Peñuela, A., Mas, J. L., Peña, A., Hurtado Bermúdez, S., and Vanwalleghem, T.: Quantifying the impact of soil erosion on soil security by using alternative fallout radionuclides , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-4173, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-4173, 2022.

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