EGU22-4511
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-4511
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Forest clear-cutting effects on greenhouse gas dynamics in riparian buffer zones

Marcus Klaus1, Katerina Machacova2, Alice Falk1, Marcus Wallin3, Kaidoo Soosaar2,4, and Mats Öquist1
Marcus Klaus et al.
  • 1Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
  • 2Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
  • 3Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 4Department of Geography, University of Tartu, Estonia

Soils play an important role in the Earth's greenhouse gas cycle. The gas dynamics in soils are tightly coupled to gas dynamics in plants, trees, and surface waters. Riparian soils receive and process solutes leaching from upland areas and act as crucial buffers of land-use effects on various ecological and biogeochemical properties of surface waters. However, their role in greenhouse gas cycling is poorly understood. Forest clear-cutting often increases the leaching of organic carbon, nutrients and greenhouse gases in groundwater. Unfortunately, the fate of these substances on their way from upland clear-cut areas through riparian forest buffer zones left along streams after clear-cutting is unknown, but highly relevant for watershed-scale greenhouse gas budgets. Here, we performed a watershed-scale experiment to investigate the effect of clear-cutting on greenhouse gas dynamics in riparian forest buffer zones in a Swedish boreal headwater catchment. The experiment included weekly to monthly sampling during April-October before (2020) and after (2021) forest clear-cutting performed in February 2021, and included a treatment watershed and an untreated reference watershed. We measured concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in soils using gas probes installed at various depths within the zone of groundwater level fluctuations along four transects from the clear-cut area through riparian forest buffer zones to near-stream sites. We also measured fluxes of these gases between the atmosphere and the forest floor, as well as tree stems, using flux chamber techniques. Initial results suggest that the clear-cutting increased CO2 and CH4 concentrations in clear-cut soils and the center of riparian buffer zones, but not in near-stream sites. In contrast, the concentrations of N2O in soils were not affected by forest clear-cutting across the full transects. In terms of greenhouse gas exchange with the atmosphere, the clear-cutting did not affect CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes at the forest floor. Tree stems were consistent emitters of CO2 and CH4 in 2021, but the clear-cut effect remains unclear due to missing reference data before the clear-cut. Together, these results suggest that the clear-cut induced excess of CO2 and CH4 in upland groundwater was likely consumed in riparian soils or emitted through tree stems, assuming that upland and riparian soils were hydrologically connected. Our results stress the potential importance of riparian buffer zones in mediating clear-cut effects on catchment-scale greenhouse gas budgets.

How to cite: Klaus, M., Machacova, K., Falk, A., Wallin, M., Soosaar, K., and Öquist, M.: Forest clear-cutting effects on greenhouse gas dynamics in riparian buffer zones, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-4511, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-4511, 2022.

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