EGU22-544
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-544
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Long-term prescribed fires effects on biological properties of an Eutric Cambisol (Tella-Sin, Central Pyrenees)

Andoni Alfaro-Leranoz1, David Badia-Villas1, Ana Paula Conte-Dominguez2, Clara Marti-Dalmau1, and Oriol Ortiz-Perpiña1
Andoni Alfaro-Leranoz et al.
  • 1GEOFOREST, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Technological College, Environmental Sciences Institute (IUCA), University of Zaragoza, 22071 Huesca, Spain
  • 2Technological College, University of Zaragoza, 22071 Huesca, Spain

Livestock density reduction, together with climate change, is facilitating the substitution of grasslands by shrublands (Komac et al., 2013; Nadal-Romero et al., 2016), which leads to a higher fire risk (Vélez, 2012) and a loss of soil biodiversity (Caballero et al., 2009). Fire Service performs prescribed fires in different shrublands of the alpine environments with two objectives: preventing large forest fires, reducing fuel load and breaking its continuity, and recovering pasturelands. However, these prescribed fires could affect the soil properties, especially the biological ones, as these are affected even at low temperatures (Santín & Doerr, 2016).

To find out, a study to determine the short-, mid- and long-term evolution of prescribed fires effects on soil properties has been conducted in Tella-Sin (Central Pyrenees), with dense canopy cover Echinospartum horridum shrublands and Eutric Cambisol soils. In a cross-sectional study, plots recently burned (B0), in the mid-term (6 years before, B6) and long-term (10 years before, B10) have been selected to be compared with a non-burned plot (UB). Soil samples were collected up to 3 cm of depth, based on Girona et al. (2019). Soil biological properties were analyzed: Microbial carbon (Cmic), soil respiration (SR) and soil enzymatic β-glucosidase activity (β-G). Some physical (soil water repellency (SWR), soil aggregate stability (SAS)) and chemical (pH, electrical conductivity (EC), soil total organic carbon (SOC)) properties were also measured.

Results obtained from this study showed non-significant interactions between post-fire time and depth for all the studied properties. Permanent short-term effects were found only for β-G activity, which suffered a significant decrease that persisted even in B10 plot. SR and SOC were highly correlated and both suffered a mid-term significant decrease that did not reach back UB values even in B10 plot. SOC and SWR showed a high correlation as well. No significant effects were found for Cmic, although a mid- a long-term decrease, with a p-value of 0.0534, was found.

In conclusion, even though prescribed fires do not usually have immediate effects on most soil properties, mid- and long-term effects, especially in those properties related to the SOC content, can be found. One of the most sensible biological properties of the soil is β-G activity, which was the only one, out of all the studied properties, that suffered a significant permanent short-term negative impact.

REFERENCES

Caballero, R.; Fernández González, F.; Pérez Badía, R.; Molle, G.; Roggero, P.P.; Bagella, S.; D'Ottavio, P.; Papanastasis, V.P.; Fotiadis, G.; Sidiropoulou, A.; Ispikoudis, I. (2009). Pastos 39, 9–154.

Girona-García, A.; Ortiz Perpiñá, O.; Badía-Villas, D. (2019). Journal of Environmental Management, 233, 695-705. ISSN 0301-4797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.057

Komac, B.; Kefi, S.; Nuche, P.; Escós, J.; Alados, C.L. (2013). Journal of Environmental Management, 121, 160-169. ISSN 0301-4797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.01.038

Nadal-Romero, E.; Cammeraat, E.; Pérez-Cardiel, E.; Lasanta, T. (2016). Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 228, 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.05.003

Santín, C.; Doerr, S.H.; (2016). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 371, 20150171. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0171

Vélez, R. (2012). Introducción. Capítulo 1. pp. 10-19. In: Quemas prescritas realizadas por los EPRIF. MAGRAMA. ISBN: 978-84-8014-839-9.

How to cite: Alfaro-Leranoz, A., Badia-Villas, D., Conte-Dominguez, A. P., Marti-Dalmau, C., and Ortiz-Perpiña, O.: Long-term prescribed fires effects on biological properties of an Eutric Cambisol (Tella-Sin, Central Pyrenees), EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-544, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-544, 2022.

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