EGU22-8381
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8381
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

About the character of variation of 90Sr concentration in plants within elementary landscape geochemical system

Elena Korobova1, Vladimir Baranchukov1, Denis Dolgushin1, Oleg Tarasov2, and Lyudmila Mikhailovskaya3
Elena Korobova et al.
  • 1Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences (GEOKHI RAS), Geochemical Dept., Moscow, Russia (korobova@geokhi.ru)
  • 2Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Mayak Production Association", State Enterprise "Rosatom", Ozersk, Russia (o_tarasov@mail.ru)
  • 3Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPAE UB RAS), Ekaterinburg, Russia (mila_mikhaylovska@mail.ru)

A detailed study of 90Sr distribution in the overground vegetation cover within an elementary landscape geochemical system (top-slope-closing depression, ELGS) was performed in several forested and meadow test sites located in the Eastern Urals Radioactive Trace highly contaminated with this technogenic radionuclide during its release in the Kyshtym accident in 1957 (INES level 6). After selecting the suitable test sites, they were crossed by several lateral profiles along which relative altitude with a step of 1 m and precision of 1 cm was measured using theodolite Boif-DJD10. Averaged plant samples were taken at each point within a standard steel ring (14 cm diameter) later separated into the groups of cereals, legumes and other different herbs. Particular species were also collected if present at no less than seven consequent points. Strontium-90 activity was measured by the portable complex ”Colibri” (SKS-08P) developed in the Kurchatov Institute (Potapov et al., 2021). It allowed the measurement of radionuclide activity in field conditions. The determination error did not exceed 15%. Analysis of data obtained revealed the ordered variation of 90Sr in all groups of plants. This order was presented by the cyclic (periodic) change of 90Sr activity downslope without definite radionuclide accumulation at the foot of the slope and in depression as usually expected. A similar cyclic pattern was found for 137Cs variation in moss cover studied in the Chernobyl zone (Dolgushin & Korobova, 2021). We consider it reflects peculiarities of water migration in the soil-plant system at the ELGS scale. Specific 90Sr activity in forest grasses correlated with biomass volume while plant groups and species with the different activity of radionuclides significantly differed in 90Sr variation amplitude and its maximum values. The revealed features of variation likely reflect the peculiarities of 90Sr water migration in soils, the structure of root system, and the plants' ecological demands, such as their hydrophilicity.

References

Potapov, V.N., Ivanov, O.P., Luk’yanov, V.V. et al. Portable β-Spectrometer for 90Sr Activity Field-Measurements in Radioecology and Rehabilitation of Nuclear Energy Facilities. At Energy 129, 155–162 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10512-021-00728-5

Dolgushin, D. and Korobova, E.: New data on the character of 137Cs lateral and vertical migration in soil-litter-moss cover within undisturbed elementary landscape geochemical systems on the test site in the Chernobyl abandoned zone, Russia, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7691, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7691, 2021.

How to cite: Korobova, E., Baranchukov, V., Dolgushin, D., Tarasov, O., and Mikhailovskaya, L.: About the character of variation of 90Sr concentration in plants within elementary landscape geochemical system, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8381, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8381, 2022.

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