EGU22-8865
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8865
EGU General Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Eddy-induced carbon pumping in the Southern Ocean

Lydia Keppler1, Matthew Mazloff1, Ariane Verdy1, Sarah Gille1, Lynne Talley1, Nancy Williams2, and Veronica Tamsitt2
Lydia Keppler et al.
  • 1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA (lkeppler@ucsd.edu)
  • 2College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St Petersberg, FL, USA

Recent studies have shown that the air-sea carbon fluxes in the Southern Ocean display large signals of variability on interannual to decadal timescales (e.g., Le Quéré et al., 2007; Landschützer et al., 2015, Keppler & Landschützer, 2019). However, due to data sparsity, little attention has been paid to mesoscale processes affecting the Southern Ocean carbon fluxes. This region, dominated by zonal fronts and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, is rich in highly dynamic eddies (Frenger et al., 2015). These eddies have the potential to significantly alter local air-sea carbon fluxes through eddy pumping, where anticyclonic eddies transport carbon downward, allowing for additional oceanic carbon uptake, and cyclonic eddies pump carbon stored at depth upward, resulting in outgassing. Additionally, the strong westerly winds could result in significant eddy-induced Ekman pumping that has the opposite direction and offsets the effect from eddy pumping (Su et al., 2021; Gaube et al., 2015). Thus, identifying the influence of eddies on the Southern Ocean carbon fluxes forms a crucial part in quantifying the global carbon cycle.

Although this region is historically under-sampled, we now have nearly a decade of biogeochemical (BGC) observations from Argo floats deployed as part of the Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling project (SOCCOM). Moreover, the Aviso database provides us with eddies detected from satellite altimetry measurements. Together, the two datasets allow us to investigate the vertical structure of the biogeochemistry in Southern Ocean eddies. Here, we co-locate the Southern Ocean eddies with BGC Argo floats to present the composite vertical structure of pH, oxygen, and nitrate inside anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies compared to the mean fields. We conduct this analysis in several subregions with different dominant processes. Our findings enable us to characterize and interpret the influence of mesoscale eddies on the overall Southern Ocean carbon fluxes, including the relative dominance of eddy pumping and eddy-induced Ekman pumping in different subregions of the Southern Ocean.

 

 

 

 

References

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Gaube, P., Chelton, D. B., Samelson, R. M., Schlax, M. G., & O’Neill, L. W. (2015). Satellite Observations of Mesoscale Eddy-Induced Ekman Pumping. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45(1), 104–132. https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0032.1

Keppler, L., & Landschützer, P. (2019). Regional Wind Variability Modulates the Southern Ocean Carbon Sink. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43826-y

Landschützer, P., Gruber, N., Haumann, A., Rödenbeck, C., Bakker, D. C. E., van Heuven, S., Hoppema, M., Metzl, N., Sweeney, C., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., & Wanninkhof, R. (2015). The reinvigoration of the Southern Ocean carbon sink. Science, 349(6253), 1221–1224. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aab2620

Le Quéré, C., Rödenbeck, C., Buitenhuis, E. T., Conway, T. J., Langenfelds, R., Gomez, A., Labuschagne, C., Ramonet, M., Nakazawa, T., Metzl, N., Gillett, N., & Heimann, M. (2007). Saturation of the Southern Ocean CO2 sink due to recent climate change. Science, 316(5832), 1735–1738. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1136188

Su, J., Strutton, P. G., & Schallenberg, C. (2021). The subsurface biological structure of Southern Ocean eddies revealed by BGC-Argo floats. Journal of Marine Systems, 220, 103569. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2021.103569

How to cite: Keppler, L., Mazloff, M., Verdy, A., Gille, S., Talley, L., Williams, N., and Tamsitt, V.: Eddy-induced carbon pumping in the Southern Ocean, EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23–27 May 2022, EGU22-8865, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8865, 2022.

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