EGU General Assembly 2023
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the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Onshore-offshore relationship and anatomy of a necking zone: insights from high-resolution aeromagnetic survey on the Finnmark Platform (Norwegian Barents Sea)

Laurent Gernigon, Claudia Haase, Sofie Gradmann, Marie-Andrée Dumais, Trond Slagstad, Frode Ofstad, Aziz Nasuti, and Marco Bronner
Laurent Gernigon et al.
  • Geological Survey of Norway, Geophysics Section, Trondheim, Norway (

We integrated high-resolution aeromagnetic data and 2D/3D seismic data from the Norwegian Southwestern Barents Sea. The main objective is to address the long-standing question on the role of pre-existing basement structures in controlling strain accommodation and extension in the Finnmark Platform and adjacent rift basins. The thorough qualitative analysis of the high-resolution magnetic data reveals fault geometries, regional kinematics, magmatism and inheritance of older Precambrian/Caledonian structures. Through the application of second order derivative filters and depth-to-magnetic-source modelling, the trends of the Caledonian metamorphic fabrics are identified and correlated with the structure of buried basement faults and shear zones also imaged at the same level of resolution on 2D/3D seismic data. The magnetic data reveal an unprecedented detail of the basement fabrics dominated by high-frequency NW-SE trending magnetic lineaments associated with the semi-regional Sørøya-Ingøya Shear Zone. The high-frequency magnetic lineaments are superimposed by lower frequency NNW-SSE trending magnetic lineaments that reflect the inheritance of older Precambrian structures. At the edge of the Tromsø Basin, the new magnetic data highlight sill intrusions also visible on seismic data. Fault geometries, regional kinematics, and spatial distribution of the magnetic sources suggest that old detachments and younger Mesozoic faults reactivated the basement fabrics found along the graben borders. Focusing of strain accommodation at the edge of the Hammerfest Basin is helped as well as modulated by the presence of back-thrusted Caledonian nappes interpreted on the Finnmark Platform. Offshore, surface ruptures associated with graben formation align with the dominant NNW-SSE trending magnetic lineaments defining steeper normal faults that are characterised by right-stepping segments along the southern flank of the Hammerfest Basin. Based on potential field models, we finally quantify the crustal architecture of the rift and platform system. At upper crustal level, we test the presence and significance of potential Palaeozoic basin preserved at the edge of the basement hinge-zones. Potential field modelling also highlights and quantifies several rift domains defined by moderate to extreme thinning of the crust (low-β stretched domain, necking, and high-β hyperextended regions). The development of the necking zone is clearly influenced by the existence of former first-order and multi-scale inherited basement features preserved in the Finnmark Platform.

How to cite: Gernigon, L., Haase, C., Gradmann, S., Dumais, M.-A., Slagstad, T., Ofstad, F., Nasuti, A., and Bronner, M.: Onshore-offshore relationship and anatomy of a necking zone: insights from high-resolution aeromagnetic survey on the Finnmark Platform (Norwegian Barents Sea), EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-12301,, 2023.