EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Landslide Susceptibility Mapping via binomial Generalized Additive Model

Gianvito Scaringi and Marco Loche
Gianvito Scaringi and Marco Loche
  • Charles University, Faculty of Science, Institute of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics, Prague, Czechia (

Developments of geostatistical models in landslide susceptibility mapping often do not consider interpretability, although this element has a reasonably fundamental importance on risk assessment. Last trends in machine learning demonstrate that enhancement of performances influences the interpretability of mechanical processes in geostatistical models, in which geomorphic causation is suddenly lost.

We took the benchmark dataset in central Italy as our study case, for which a complete inventory of landslides is available. We built two landslide susceptibility models using a Generalised Additive Model (GAM) with a slope-unit partitioning of the area (~4,100 km2, comprising 7,360 slope units), and a set of 26 independent variables, with the aim of classifying the presence/absence of landslides.

We tested the capability of a binomial GAM through nonparametric smoothing functions to evaluate the interpretability of the covariates. Furthermore, we obtained satisfactory results in terms of performance with a reasonable compromise in the interpretability.

GAMs are very popular classifiers in landslides susceptibility and even though other methods yield better performance, we suggest that interpretability in geostatistical analyses should proceed in tandem with improving the models’ performances.

How to cite: Scaringi, G. and Loche, M.: Landslide Susceptibility Mapping via binomial Generalized Additive Model, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-6053,, 2023.