Europlanet Science Congress 2020
Virtual meeting
21 September – 9 October 2020
Europlanet Science Congress 2020
Virtual meeting
21 September – 9 October 2020
EPSC Abstracts
Vol.14, EPSC2020-557, 2020, updated on 08 Oct 2020
Europlanet Science Congress 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Bifocal Panoramic Stereoscopic Camera for Lunar Exploration

Claudio Pernechele1, Gabriele Cremonese1, Daniela Fantinel1, Alice Lucchetti1, Luigi Lessio1, Matteo Massironi2, Maurizio Pajola1, Lorenzo Paoletti1, Riccardo Pozzobon2, Cristina Re1, Bortolino Saggin3, Diego Scaccabarozzi3, Emanuele Simioni1, Cristoforo Abbattista4, Emilio Banfi5, Luca Consolaro6, Cesare Dionisio5, Mark Kuijpers6, Daniele Mura6, Stefano Piantone5, and the BIPS TEAM*
Claudio Pernechele et al.
  • 1INAF - National Institute for Astrophysics, Astronomical Observatory of Padova, Padova, Italy (
  • 2University of Padova, Italy
  • 3Polytechnic University of Milano, Italy
  • 4Planetek srl, Rome, Italy
  • 5Space Boys Station srl, Rome, Italy
  • 6Lobre srl, Brescia, Italy
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

A bifocal panoramic stereoscopic camera (BIPS) has been designed a realized as a terrestrial prototype. The core of the camera is a novel Bifocal Panoramic Lens (BPL) we designed and realized, which is able to carry out a panoramic field of 360° in azimuth, 100° in elevation (+60°/-40° with respect to the horizon) and, simultaneously, an enlargement of a part of the panoramic field. All of that using an unique image sensor and avoiding any moving part. BIPS consists of a twin couple of BPLs settled in an appropriate stereoscopic baseline. It allows the monitoring of the surrounding environment in stereoscopic (3D) mode and, simultaneously, to capture a higher resolution stereoscopic images to analyze scientific cases. If mounted on a planetary rover, BIPS merge engineering stereoscopic capabilities for autonomous driving with an optical stereoscopic channel for scientific purpose, making it a new paradigm in the planetary rovers' framework.

The operational aims include the identification of boulders, crevasses and other surfaces that can be obstacles for rover trafficability, in addition to the 3D reconstruction of exploration sites for improving situation awareness during both roving and human operations. On the other hand, the correct and detailed 3D reconstruction of exploring sites allows detailed measurements of many geological features such as: sedimentary structures (strata attitudes, geometry and thickness); fracturing networks (attitudes and persistence); folds and faults systems (orientation, vergence and displacement); veining systems (frequency, orientation and thickness); mounds, vents and ridges (slope and aspect); boulders (size frequency distribution). All these measurements are pivotal for the understanding of tectonic, sedimentologic, volcanic, erosive, fluid-rock interaction and impact processes on planetary surfaces.

In this paper we describe the optical characteristics of a BPL, the realized terrestrial BIPS, the stereoscopic calibration and some possible scientific cases within the lunar exploration framework.


claudio pernechele

How to cite: Pernechele, C., Cremonese, G., Fantinel, D., Lucchetti, A., Lessio, L., Massironi, M., Pajola, M., Paoletti, L., Pozzobon, R., Re, C., Saggin, B., Scaccabarozzi, D., Simioni, E., Abbattista, C., Banfi, E., Consolaro, L., Dionisio, C., Kuijpers, M., Mura, D., and Piantone, S. and the BIPS TEAM: Bifocal Panoramic Stereoscopic Camera for Lunar Exploration, Europlanet Science Congress 2020, online, 21 September–9 Oct 2020, EPSC2020-557,, 2020