GC11-solidearth-28, updated on 09 Jan 2024
Galileo Conference: Solid Earth and Geohazards in the Exascale Era
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Optimal source selection for local probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis

Alice Abbate1,2, Manuela Volpe1, Fabrizio Romano1, Roberto Tonini1, Gareth Davies3, Roberto Basili1, and Stefano Lorito1
Alice Abbate et al.
  • 1Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy (alice.abbate@ingv.it)
  • 2Department of Mathematics and Geosciences, University of Trieste, Italy
  • 3Place, Space and Communities Division, Geoscience Australia, Australia

Local hazard models for evacuation planning should accurately describe the probability of exceeding a certain intensity (e.g. flow depth, current velocity, etc.) over a period of years. 

Computational-based probabilistic forecasting for earthquake-generated tsunamis deals with tens of thousands to millions of scenarios to be simulated over very large domains and with sufficient spatial resolution of the bathymetry model. The associated high computational cost can be tackled by means of  workflows that take advantage of HPC facilities and numerical models specifically designed for multi-GPU architectures.  

For the sake of feasibility, Seismic Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment (S-PTHA) at local scale exploits some approximations in both source and tsunami modeling, but  uncertainty  quantification is still lacking in the estimates. Here, we propose a possible approach to reduce the computational cost of local-scale S-PTHA, while providing uncertainty quantification. 

The algorithm performs an  efficient selection of  scenarios  based on the tsunami impact on a site. 

The workflow is thought to take advantage of parallel execution on HPC clusters. Hence, as a first step, the whole ensemble of scenarios is split into a finite number of regions defined by the tectonic regionalization;  then the procedure selects the scenarios mainly contributing to the hazard at an offshore point (in front of the target site) and for specific intensity  levels. Finally, for each intensity level, the totality of synthetic tsunamigenic earthquakes is optimally sampled with replacement in a Monte Carlo Importance Sampling scheme. 

The tsunamis potentially triggered by the selected scenarios are explicitly simulated with the GPU-based Tsunami-HySEA nonlinear shallow water code on high spatial resolution grids (up to 10 m) and subsequently the Monte Carlo errors are finally propagated to the onshore estimates. 

This procedure allows for lessening the computational cost of local S-PTHA by reducing the number of simulations to be conducted while quantifying the epistemic uncertainties associated with the inundation modeling without appreciable losses of information content.

How to cite: Abbate, A., Volpe, M., Romano, F., Tonini, R., Davies, G., Basili, R., and Lorito, S.: Optimal source selection for local probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis, Galileo Conference: Solid Earth and Geohazards in the Exascale Era, Barcelona, Spain, 23–26 May 2023, GC11-solidearth-28, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-gc11-solidearth-28, 2023.