As confined water bodies with limited exchanges, lakes and enclosed seas are subject to climatic and human impacts accumulated over broad catchment areas. Hence, they mirror both the global change effects and anthropogenic pressures, perhaps, stronger than any other aquatic objects.
Research of lakes and inland seas admits many common approaches and techniques. Oceanographic methodology and instrumentation are often applicable to limnological studies. Reciprocally, insights obtained from lakes can also be instructive with respect to marine systems. This interdisciplinary session provides a joint forum for oceanographers, limnologists, and hydrologists interested in processes governing physical and chemical regimes of various lakes and enclosed (or semi-enclosed) seas of the World. Papers focused on global change issues manifested in lacustrine and marine environments are particularly welcome. The session is intended to encompass both observational and modeling studies.