ITS4.8/AS4.46/BG1.41/CL3.13/CR1.12/GM5.6ITS4.8/ AS4.46/ BG1.41/ CL3.13/ CR1.12/ GM5.6

The Third Pole Environment (TPE) under Global Changes (co-organized) 
Convener: Yaoming Ma  | Co-conveners: Fahu Chen , Franco Salerno , Bob Su , Fan Zhang 
The Tibetan Plateau and surrounding mountain regions, known as the Third Pole, cover an area of > 5 million km2 and are considered to be the water tower of Asia. The Pan Third Pole expands on both the north-south and the east-west directions, going across the Tibetan Plateau, Pamir, Hindu Kush, Iran Plateau, Caucasian and Carpathian, and covering an area of about 20 million km2. Like the Arctic and Antarctica, the Pan Third Pole’s environment is extremely sensitive to global climate change. In recent years, scientists from around the globe have increased observational, remote sensing and numerical modeling research related to the Pan Third Pole in an effort to quantify and predict past, current and future scenarios. Co-sponsored by TPE (, this session is dedicated to studies of Pan Third Pole atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere and their interactions with global change. Related contributions are welcomed.