EGU2020-10180
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-10180
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Impacts of wildfire aerosols on global energy budget and climate: The role of climate feedbacks

Yiquan Jiang1, Xiu-Qun Yang1, and Xiaohong Liu2
Yiquan Jiang et al.
  • 1Nanjing University, Nanjing, China (yqjiang@nju.edu.cn)
  • 2Department of Atmospheric Science, Texas A&M University

Aerosols emitted from wildfires could significantly affect global climate through perturbing global radiation balance. In this study, Community Earth System Model with prescribed daily fire aerosol emissions is used to investigate fire aerosols’ impacts on global climate with emphasizing the role of climate feedbacks. The total global fire aerosol radiative effect (RE) is estimated to be -0.78±0.29 W m-2, which is mostly from shortwave RE due to aerosol-cloud interactions (REaci, -0.70±0.20 W m-2). The associated global-annual mean surface air temperature (SAT) change (∆T) is -0.64±0.16K with the largest reduction in the Arctic regions where the shortwave REaci is strong. Associated with the cooling, the Arctic sea ice is increased, which acts to re-amplify the Arctic cooling through a positive ice-albedo feedback. The fast response (irrelevant to ∆T) tends to decrease surface latent heat flux into atmosphere in the tropics to balance strong atmospheric fire black carbon absorption, which reduces the precipitation in the tropical land regions (southern Africa and South America). The climate feedback processes (associated with ∆T) lead to a significant surface latent heat flux reduction over global ocean areas, which could explain most (~80%) of the global precipitation reduction. The precipitation significantly decreases in deep tropical regions (5°N), but increases in Southern Hemisphere tropical ocean, which is associated with the southward shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone and the weakening of Southern Hemisphere Hadley cell. Such changes could partly compensate the interhemispheric temperature asymmetry induced by boreal-forest fire aerosol indirect effect, through intensifying the cross-equator atmospheric heat transport.

How to cite: Jiang, Y., Yang, X.-Q., and Liu, X.: Impacts of wildfire aerosols on global energy budget and climate: The role of climate feedbacks, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-10180, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-10180, 2020

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