From Magma Ocean turbulent convection to lithosphere formation and mantle convection: insights from laboratory experiments
- 1CNRS / Univ. Paris-Saclay, FAST, ORSAY, France (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- 2Univ. Paris-Saclay / CNRS, GEOPS, ORSAY, France
A clear understanding of the transition from a liquid magma ocean (MO) to a convective solid mantle is still lacking. Part of the problem is that there is still no clear view of all the physical phenomena at play during this crucial stage. As the MO cools down, the formation of a solid and therefore very viscous lithosphere at its surface has often been considered to trigger a new pattern of motion where convection occurs below the lithosphere which remains stagnant. However, when the liquid thermal boundary layer at the top of the MO cools down, it first becomes a mushy lithosphere through which melt and exsolved gas bubbles can still percolate to the surface. Using laboratory experiments of thermal convection in colloidal suspensions, we study the formation of this mushy lithosphere and its different regimes of deformation and coupling to mantle convection. We observe that deformation of the lithosphere can include « heat pipe » formation at high heat, melt and volatile flux. On the other hand, rapid thermal contraction of the lithosphere can cause buckling, leading to subduction. Transition from MO to solid-state convection could involve both processes in succession , or in competition, depending on the temperature and volatiles conditions.
How to cite: Davaille, A. and Massol, H.: From Magma Ocean turbulent convection to lithosphere formation and mantle convection: insights from laboratory experiments, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-10746, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-10746, 2020.