EGU2020-1100
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-1100
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Is the hydrological response of Nature-Based Solutions related to the spatial variability of rainfall?

Yangzi Qiu, Ioulia Tchiguirinskaia, and Daniel Scherzter
Yangzi Qiu et al.
  • HM&Co,Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris-Est, Champs-sur-Marne, France (yangzi.qiu@enpc.fr)

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) practices provide many benefits for sustainable development of urban environments, one of which is their ability to mitigate the urban waterlogging. In many previous studies, the performances of NBS practices are analysed with the semi-distributed model and artificial rainfall without considering the spatial variability of rainfall. However, the NBS practices are decentralized in urban areas, their hydrological response is very depends on the small-scale heterogeneity of urban environments. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the impacts of small-scale rainfall variability on the hydrological responses of NBS practices.

In this study, the hydrological response of NBS practices was analysed at the urban catchment scale. A 5.2 km2 semi-urban catchment (Guyancourt, located in the South-West of Paris) are investigated under various future NBS implementation scenarios (porous pavement, green roof, rain garden and combined). Regarding the objective of this research, three typical rainfall events are selected. Three sets of distributed rainfall data at a high resolution of 250 m×250 m×3.41 min were obtained from the X-band radar of Ecole des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC). In addition, three sets of corresponded homogeneous rainfall data are applied and used for comparing with the distributed one. Furthermore, a fully distributed and grid based hydrological model (Multi-Hydro), developed at ENPC, which takes into consideration the spatial variability of the whole catchment at 10 m scale. The hydrological response of NBS scenarios was analysed with the percentage error on total volume and peak discharge, with regards to the baseline scenario (current configuration).

Results show that the spatial variability of rainfall has the impact on the hydrological response of NBS scenarios in varying degrees, and it is more evident for green roof scenario. In three rainfall events, the maximum percentage error on peak discharge of green roof scenario under distributed rainfall is 23 %, while that of the green roof scenario under homogeneous rainfall is 17.7%. Overall, the results suggest that the implementation of porous pavement and rain garden is more flexible than implementation of green roof in a semi-urban catchment.

How to cite: Qiu, Y., Tchiguirinskaia, I., and Scherzter, D.: Is the hydrological response of Nature-Based Solutions related to the spatial variability of rainfall?, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-1100, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-1100, 2019

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