EGU2020-11573, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-11573
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The role of vegetation in the redistribution of infiltration in a semi-arid zone

Ana Berenice Garcia Perez1, Enrique Gonzalez Sosa1, Pascal Breil2, and Isabelle Braud2
Ana Berenice Garcia Perez et al.
  • 1Autonomous University of Queretaro, Engineering, Postgraduate, Mexico (bereshg@gmail.com)
  • 2National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE)

The effect of vegetation on the volumes of water that infiltrates into the soil has been extensively studied, but not the redistribution that occurs radially from trees. This is especially important in arid and semi-arid areas where water volumes are scarce and water resources management must be more scrupulous. In the present study, the influence of native vegetation (huizache trees) on the redistribution of infiltration in a semi-arid zone in the central Mexican plateau was analyzed. Single ring infiltration tests were carried out with a radial distribution in 2 trees: 4 located inside the crown of the tree and 4 outside it, in 4 different axes, giving a total of 32 tests per tree. Likewise, particle size distribution and soil texture analysis were carried out in 4 orthogonal directions and dry bulk density and initial water content tests at each sampling point were performed. The results showed a zone of influence located between r / 2 and r of the tree canopy, where the infiltration is much greater compared to the other points. Based on these results, the methodology for a third tree was redesigned, in order to characterize various infiltration areas. So that 3 zones were established within the tree: near, intermediate and far, taking 2 tests in each zone, in orthogonal direction, and taking a test in each zone of 4 additional axes, a total of 36 tests. The results of the infiltration tests with this methodology showed similar results to the other two trees: low infiltration rates close to the tree trunk, high infiltration rates in the area between r / 2 and r of the canopy and again low rates of infiltration in the area outside the crown. Additionally, the particle size distribution analyzes showed the presence of 4 types of soil: loam, sandy-loam, clay-loam and silt-loam soil. On the other hand, the initial water content and dry bulk density do not seem to affect the infiltration process to a greater extent and they vary indiscriminately. The above suggests that the area between r / 2 and r is the one that captures the highest infiltration volumes, it may be due to the shadow effect produced by the treetops, although the soil texture has an influence on the infiltration rates, it does not influence the form of radial redistribution of tree infiltration.

How to cite: Garcia Perez, A. B., Gonzalez Sosa, E., Breil, P., and Braud, I.: The role of vegetation in the redistribution of infiltration in a semi-arid zone, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-11573, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-11573, 2020

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Presentation version 1 – uploaded on 05 May 2020
  • CC1: Comment on EGU2020-11573, John Koestel, 05 May 2020

    Hej Berenice, 

    Nice experiment and presentation!

    If I remember well, the porosity was largest close to the trunk. But obvioulsy, the largest continuous pores were at the outskirts of the crown, because there is the largest infiltration rate. 
    do you think this is because of soil faunal burrows?

    Best regards from the North, 

    /John