EGU2020-11926, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-11926
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Estimation of Stomatal Conductance using Crop Water Stress Index based on the Thermal Image at a Leaf Scale

Hoejeong Jeong1, Jae-Hyun Ryu1, Sang-il Na2, and Jaeil Cho1
Hoejeong Jeong et al.
  • 1Department of Applied Plant Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
  • 2Climate Change and Agro-Ecology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Wanju, Republic of Korea

  In 1980s, Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI) is suggested to indicate the water stress of crops. CWSI is based on the leaf energy balance, which is closely related to leaf temperature. To calculate CWSI, meteorological factors such as air temperature and vapor pressure deficit should be measured besides leaf temperature. As recent technology has been developed, leaf temperature can be easily observed by thermal camera or infrared thermometer. Stomatal conductance (gs, mmol m-2 s-1) is one of the critical factors to understand crop photosynthesis and water demand. In addition, the behaviors of gs can represent the biotic and abiotic plant stresses. In abnormal condition, such as drought, insects or disease, gs getting lower. The observation of gs will make better to evaluate and predict crop growth and conditions. Therefore, the time series data of gs is useful for the monitoring of crop growth and the quick detection of abnormal crop condition in smart-farming system but there are some limitations to measure gs continuously and easily.

  We assume that there is some relationship between CWSI and gs because both has strong relation to leaf temperature. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate possibility of estimation of gs using CWSI which is derived from thermal image. Through the data collected from literatures, negative correlations between CWSI and gs were revealed. The slope of correlation was changed according to crop types. In addition, as a result of simulation, there is almost linear negative relationship between CWSI and gs, and the slope was determined by maximum stomatal conductance (gs_max). Field measurement in this study was also demonstrated to identify such correlation. Further, various methods to measure CWSI were tested. This relationship will contribute to not only monitoring of crop stress for irrigation scheduling in smart farm system but also estimating evapotranspiration, photosynthesis, and crop yield.

How to cite: Jeong, H., Ryu, J.-H., Na, S., and Cho, J.: Estimation of Stomatal Conductance using Crop Water Stress Index based on the Thermal Image at a Leaf Scale, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-11926, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-11926, 2020

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