EGU2020-12067
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-12067
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Diffuse CO2 degassing monitoring of the Tenerife North–South Rift Zone (NSRZ) volcano, Canary Islands

María Cordero-Vaca1, Carolina A. Figueiredo2, Nicole L. Czwakiel3, Eleazar Padrón1,4,5, Gladys V. Melián1,4,5, Mar Alonso1,4, María Asensio-Ramos1, William Hernández-Ramos1, Pedro A. Hernández1,4,5, and Nemesio M. Pérez1,4,5
María Cordero-Vaca et al.
  • 1Instituto Volcanológico de Canarias (INVOLCAN), 38240 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, (mcordero@iter.es )
  • 2Department of Geology, Geoscience Institute, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
  • 3Department of Geoscience, Hamilton College, Clinton NY 13323
  • 4Instituto Tecnológico y de Energías Renovables (ITER), 38611 Granadilla de Abona, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
  • 5Agencia Insular de la Energía de Tenerife (AIET), 38611 Granadilla de Abona, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Tenerife (2,034 km2) is the largest of the Canary Islands and the North South Rift Zone (NSRZ) is one of the three active volcanic rift-zones of the island. The NSRZ (325 km2) is characterized mainly by effusive activity of basaltic lavas forming spatter and cinder cones and comprises 139 monogenetic cones representing the most common eruptive activity occurred on the island during the last 1Ma. In order to provide a multidisciplinary approach to monitor potential volcanic activity changes at the NSRZ volcano, diffuse CO2 emission surveys have been undertaken since 2002. This study shows the results of the last soil CO2 efflux survey undertaken in summer 2019, with ⁓600 soil gas sampling sites homogenously distributed in the study area. Soil CO2 efflux measurements were performed at the surface environment by means of a portable non-dispersive infrared spectrophotometer (NDIR) LICOR Li820 following the accumulation chamber method. Soil CO2 efflux values ranged from non-detectable (⁓0.5 g m-2 d-1) up to 30 g m-2 d-1, with an average value of 2.6 g m-2 d-1. In order to distinguish the existence of different geochemical populations on the soil CO2 efflux data, a Sinclair graphical analysis was done. The average value of background population was 2.1 g m-2 d-1 and that of peak population was 18.5 g m-2 d-1, representing the 97% and the 1% of the total data, respectively. To quantify the total CO2 emission rate from the NSRZ volcano a sequential Gaussian simulation (sGs) was used as interpolation method. The diffuse CO2 emission rate for the studied area was estimated in 2019 in 819 ± 18 t d-1, ranging from 466 to 819 t d-1 between 2002 and 2019, with the highest value measured in 2015 (707 t d-1). The temporal evolution of diffuse CO2 emission at the NSRZ shows a clear relationship with the volcano seismic activity in and around Tenerife Island, which started to taking place from the end of 2016. This study demonstrates the importance of studies of soil CO2 efflux at the NSRZ volcano of Tenerife island as an effective volcanic monitoring tool, especially in areas where there is no visible degassing (fumaroles, etc.)

How to cite: Cordero-Vaca, M., Figueiredo, C. A., Czwakiel, N. L., Padrón, E., Melián, G. V., Alonso, M., Asensio-Ramos, M., Hernández-Ramos, W., Hernández, P. A., and Pérez, N. M.: Diffuse CO2 degassing monitoring of the Tenerife North–South Rift Zone (NSRZ) volcano, Canary Islands, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-12067, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-12067, 2020