EGU2020-12715, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-12715
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Development of interconnected fine-grained polyphase networks during progressive exhumation of a shear zone

Alexander Lusk and John Platt
Alexander Lusk and John Platt
  • University of Southern California, Department of Earth Sciences, United States of America (alexanderdlusk@gmail.com)

Present exposure of the ductile Caledonian retrowedge in northwestern Scotland records the evolution of a shear zone that was exhuming while actively deforming, providing a natural laboratory to study strain localization in a progressively cooling system. Examination of rocks from two detailed transects across this region consistently show a transition from microstructures that are dominated by interconnected phyllosilicate networks in a quartz-rich matrix with feldspar porphyroclasts, to interconnected fine-grained regions of mixed quartz + phyllosilicate + feldspar. These polyphase regions are demonstrably weaker than surrounding quartz layers and likely deform by grain-size sensitive mechanisms including diffusion-accommodated grain boundary sliding.

Microstructures characterized by a quartz-rich matrix and interconnected phyllosilicates undergo quartz recrystallization by high temperature grain boundary migration and are dominated by prism a slip. In contrast, fine-grained polyphase microstructures record quartz recrystallization dominated by subgrain rotation and activation of rhomb a and basal a slip systems. We propose transient hardening occurs in quartz-dominated regions as quartz with a strong Y-axis maximum undergoes the switch from prism a easy slip to basal a easy slip during cooling, and thus partitions strain into interconnected phyllosilicate layers. In response, interconnected phyllosilicate layers undergo mechanical comminution, becoming increasingly mixed by grain-size sensitive creep processes to form polyphase layers as they accommodate an increased proportion of strain. This transition from quartz-rich matrix with phyllosilicate interconnected weak layers to fine-grained, polyphase weak layers could be of first-order importance in strain localization within polyphase mylonitic and ultramylonitic rocks.

How to cite: Lusk, A. and Platt, J.: Development of interconnected fine-grained polyphase networks during progressive exhumation of a shear zone, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-12715, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-12715, 2020

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