EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Detection of the deep cavern at the Felsopeteny, Hungary site using seismic ambient noise data

Miriam Kristekova1,2, Jozef Kristek1,2, Peter Moczo1,2, and Peter Labak3
Miriam Kristekova et al.
  • 1Earth Science Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Department of seismology, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • 2Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • 3CTBTO, Vienna, Austria

Nuclear explosions are banned by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Obviously, the CTBT needs robust and comprehensive verification tools to make sure that no nuclear explosion goes undetected. The detection of underground cavity due to nuclear explosions is a primary task for an on-site inspection (OSI) and resonance seismometry. Recently we have developed the finite-frequency-range spectral-power method that makes it possible to use seismic ambient noise recorded at the free surface above an underground cavity for localizing it. In this contribution we present results of application of the method to data recorded at a site of the Great Cavern near Felsopeteny, Hungary.

CTBTO performed several active and passive seismic measurements at the free surface above the Great Cavern in September 2019. Seismic ambient noise was recorded one week continuously at almost 50 stations with interstation distance around 50 m covering area 400 x 400 m.

The oval shaped cavern with a diameter of 28 m located 70 m below the surface was discovered within a clay mine in N-Hungary. The deep basement is composed of Triassic limestone, the cavern is in the overlying Oligocene sandstone formation. As a result of hydrothermal activity in the Pleistocene a cave formed in the limestone which may have collapsed over time. The opening of the deep part of the cave influenced the overlying sandstone formation but the collapse did not reach the surface.

We present the procedure of pre-processing and identification of a position of the cavern based on the recorded seismic ambient noise. We checked robustness of the obtained results. The results demonstrate potential of our methodology for the OSI purposes.

How to cite: Kristekova, M., Kristek, J., Moczo, P., and Labak, P.: Detection of the deep cavern at the Felsopeteny, Hungary site using seismic ambient noise data, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-13214,, 2020


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