EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Over Time From Nd Isotopes

Maayan Yehudai1, Steve Goldstein1, Leo D. Pena2, Joohee Kim1, Maria Jaume-Segui1,2, Chandranath Basak1,3, Karla Knudson1, Allison E. Hartman4, and Rachel Lupien1
Maayan Yehudai et al.
  • 1Columbia University, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, New York, United States of America (
  • 2Department of Earth and Ocean Dynamics, University of Barcelona, Spain
  • 3College of Earth, Ocean & Environment, University of Delaware, Delaware, United States of America
  • 4USGS, Columbia, MO, USA

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) brings heat from the tropics to the high latitudes, and its temporal variability has major impacts on climatic cycles. We have constructed north-south profiles using deep sea cores from the North Atlantic to the Southern Ocean, covering the past ~1.5 Ma or so, including the interval prior to and including the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT), the interval of ‘lukewarm interglacials’ following the MPT, and to the present-day, using Nd isotopes in Fe-Mn oxide encrusted foraminifera and fish debris. Some important observations show that our Nd isotope records indeed reflect the AMOC variability, rather than regional Nd sources or alteration effects. Firstly, throughout the time interval and at all sites, the εNd-values show glacial-interglacial ‘zig-zags’, indicating stronger AMOC during interglacials and weaker AMOC during glacials. Secondly, going from north to south the data show increasingly weaker NADW signals at all points in time. Thirdly, all of the εNd-values are those expected from seawater Nd sources. The εNd-values at North Atlantic DSDP Site 607 during interglacials are almost always between -13 and -14.5, similar to present-day NADW both before and after the AMOC-crisis, thus indicating that the normal NADW range during interglacials has remained similar since the middle Pleistocene. Fourthly, at all times, the εNd-values throughout the transect remain sandwiched by the global North Atlantic and North Pacific end-member values. These observations are what are required if the data reflect the glacial-interglacial waxing and waning of the AMOC, but are unexpected for virtually any other scenario.

How to cite: Yehudai, M., Goldstein, S., Pena, L. D., Kim, J., Jaume-Segui, M., Basak, C., Knudson, K., Hartman, A. E., and Lupien, R.: The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Over Time From Nd Isotopes, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-13297,, 2020.

This abstract will not be presented.