EGU2020-13639, updated on 12 Jun 2020
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Large-scale quantifying of sources and sinks of atmospheric carbon in Central Siberia: from middle taiga to Arctic tundra

Alexey Panov1, Anatoly Prokushkin1, Anastasiya Urban1, Vyacheslav Zyrianov1, Mikhail Korets1, Nikita Sidenko1, Jošt Lavrič2, and Martin Heimann2,3
Alexey Panov et al.
  • 1V.N. Sukachev Institute of Forest SB RAS, Laboratory of BGC cycles in forest ecosystems, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation (
  • 2Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • 3University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research, Helsinki, Finland

The boreal and arctic zone of Siberia represents a «hot spot» area in the global Earth climate system, containing large and potentially vulnerable carbon stocks as well as considerable carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) exchange fluxes with the atmosphere. Up to the recent time Siberian region was only sparsely covered by carbon flux measurements. Solely in the frame of EU-funded projects «Eurosiberian Carbonflux» and «Terrestrial Carbon Observing System – Siberia» (TCOS-Siberia) between 1998 and 2005 several atmospheric and terrestrial ecosystem stations were operational in European Russia and Siberia.

Since 2006in order to monitor long-term biogeochemical changesthe Zotino Tall Tower Observatory (ZOTTO; research platform for large-scale climatic observationsis operational in Central Siberia (60°48' N, 89°21' E) about 20 km west of the Yenisei river. Observatory consistof a 304-m tall mast for continuous high-precision measurements of greenhouse gases, meteorology and multitude of aerosol properties in the planetary boundary layer (PBL). Sampling of the PBL is essential for the «top-down» approach in observation strategy, since it minimizes local effects and permits to capture regional concentration signals. Such measurements are used in atmospheric inversion modelling to estimate sinks/sources at the surface over the large Siberian territory. In turn, the tall tower observations are linked with eddy covariance measurements of exchange carbon fluxes, introducing a «bottom-up» observational approach, over locally representative ecosystems: pine forestbog complexes (60°48'N; 89°22'E); a mid-taiga dark coniferous forest (60°01'N; 89°49'E); a northern taiga mature larch forest (64°12'N; 100°27'E) and a forest-tundra ecotone (67°28'N; 86°29'E). This meridional observation network captures exchange fluxes of COand CHin ecosystems of the main biogeochemical provinces for the Yenisey river basin of 2580 thousand km², that can be scaled up to the region using vegetation maps, forest biomass inventories and remote sensing information. Since 2018 observation network was expanded and a new coastal station for continuous atmospheric measurements of GHG (СО2/СН4/Н2О) and meteorology is operational on the shore of the Arctic ocean (73°33'N; 80°34'E) near the Dikson settlement. Such coastal station enhances the atmospheric signal derived at «ZOTTO» regarding the budget of trace gases in Central Siberia, permits tracing ocean-continent transport of GHG and also extends the circum-Arctic observation network.

Here we summarize the scientific rationale of the observation network, infrastructure details of the stations, the local environments and provide some exemplary results obtained from measurements. The reported study was funded by the Max Planck Society (Germany), RSF project № 14-24-00113 and the RFBR projects № 18-05-00235 and 18-05-60203.

How to cite: Panov, A., Prokushkin, A., Urban, A., Zyrianov, V., Korets, M., Sidenko, N., Lavrič, J., and Heimann, M.: Large-scale quantifying of sources and sinks of atmospheric carbon in Central Siberia: from middle taiga to Arctic tundra , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-13639,, 2020