EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Assessing groundwater sustainability and the influence of water transfer project in Sugan Lake Basin, northwest China

Zhengqiu Yang1,2,3 and Litang Hu1,2,3
Zhengqiu Yang and Litang Hu
  • 1Beijing Normal University, College of Water Sciences, Groundwater Science and Engineering, Beijing, China (
  • 2Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Hydrological Cycle and Sponge City Technology, Beijing 100875, China(
  • 3Engineering Research Center of Groundwater Pollution Control and Remediation of Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875, China(

In order to meet the ecological water requirement, a water transfer project that divert river flow from the Sugan Lake Basin to the Dunhuang Basin is under consideration. Inter-basin water diversion project is an effective tool to deal with the uneven distribution of water resources and climate change. However, there is still a lack of research on hydrogeology in the Sugan Lake Basin at present. In this study, FEFLOW software was used to establish a numerical model and it was well calibrated by FEPEST. The result shows that the infiltration of the river surged in 2017–2018 so that the groundwater storage significantly increased in resent year. Under four water transfer scenarios, model was used to predict and analyze the influence of transfer project. When the diversion plan had implemented, the groundwater drawdown gradually increased from west to east in the upstream zone and the gobi zone. The biggest groundwater drawdown were 51.10 m, 56.70 m, 62.34 m and 68.02 m in four transfer conditions. In addition, groundwater level of wetland at most decline by 3.80 m, 4.06 m, 4.30 m and 4.77 m. Water diversion also made a great impact on the spring flow in the basin. The rate of Middle Spring reduced to 0.75 × 108 m3/a – 0.81 × 108 m3/a after 100 year, and it would reduce to 0.20 × 108 m3/a – 0.40 × 108 m3/a when groundwater system was steady. Nevertheless, the direct discharge from groundwater to lakes basically was not affected. The developed model and results will help to make an effective management of water resources.

How to cite: Yang, Z. and Hu, L.: Assessing groundwater sustainability and the influence of water transfer project in Sugan Lake Basin, northwest China, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-13730,, 2020

This abstract will not be presented.