EGU2020-15193, updated on 12 Jun 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-15193
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Quantization of large earthquakes driven by asperities strain concentration patterns

Markos Avlonitis1, Dimitrios Kotinas1, and Eleftheria Papadimitriou2
Markos Avlonitis et al.
  • 1Ionian University, Department of Informatics, Corfu, Greece, (a: avlon@ionio.gr, b: dnkotinas@gmail.com)
  • 2Department of Geophysics (GGP), Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH ), Greece, ritsa@geo.auth.gr

The role of asperities in fault evolution has been received continuously increasing attention as critical areas where nucleation and cascade like failure may take place. They consist patches where the contact takes place across the fault rough surfaces, accumulating elastic strain during the interseismic period. More than one asperity rupture result to strong and large earthquakes, a phenomenon mostly characterizing large subduction earthquakes. Identification of the factors controlling single or multiple asperities failure and their spatiotemporal behaviour is a key issue in seismic hazard assessment. It is the aim of the present work to explore the role of different spatial patters of asperities as well as their different strength characteristics by means of simulation experiments via cellular automata models.  Initial results show that the earthquake distribution clearly depends on a) the total real contact area of asperities, b) the relative distance between asperity patches and c) the fraction of strain that asperities may sustain in comparison to the corresponding value of the non–asperity sites. Τhere is a definite range of the aforementioned controling parameters, which result to a non–typical earthquake magnitude distribution and where a clear departure from the classical power law–like Gutenberg – Richter relation is depicted. More specifically, for one (more than one well separated) asperity (–ies) with significant fraction of strain unlocking thresholds a non–typical earthquake size distribution emerges where for low magnitude earthquakes a power law still holds, but for higher earthquake sizes, a quantum like behaviour emerges, i.e. there is one (more than one) certain earthquake sizes that are more probable to occur. This manifests a characteristic earthquake model, which although not adequately supported by observational data, is present in several applications of simulator models.

 

Keywords:
asperities, large earthquake quantification, characteristic model, cellular automata

Acknowledgements
«Telemachus – Innovative Seismic Risk Management Operational System of the Ionian Islands» which is part of the Operational Program «Ionian Islands 2014-2020» and is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (National Strategic Reference Framework - NSRF 2014-20).

How to cite: Avlonitis, M., Kotinas, D., and Papadimitriou, E.: Quantization of large earthquakes driven by asperities strain concentration patterns, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-15193, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-15193, 2020

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